cyclothymia


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to cyclothymia: dysthymia

cyclothymic

 [si″klo-thi´mik]
pertaining to or characterized by cyclothymia.
cyclothymic disorder a mood disorder characterized by numerous alternating short cycles of hypomanic and depressive periods with symptoms like those of manic and major depressive episodes but of lesser severity.

cy·clo·thy·mi·a

(sī'klō-thī'mē-ă),
1. Synonym(s): cyclothymic disorder
2. An ICD-10 classification that also includes cyclythymic and cycloid personality types.
[cyclo- + G. thymos, rage]

cyclothymia

(sī′klə-thī′mē-ə)
n.
A mood disorder characterized by alternating periods of elevated and depressed mood that are milder than those typical of bipolar disorder. Also called cyclothymic disorder.

cy′clo·thy′mic (-mĭk) adj. & n.

cyclothymia

A mild form of bipolar disorder in which the patient fluctuates between periods of hypomanic symptoms and periods of mild to moderate depression.

Therapy
• Talk—Cognitive behavioural therapy, group therapy.
• Drugs—Anticonvulsants (e.g., valproic acid, divalproex, lamotrigine); Seroquel (a multitarget molecular antagonist), Klonopin, lithium.

cy·clo·thy·mi·a

(sī'klō-thī'mē-ă)
A mental disorder characterized by marked swings of mood from depression to hypomania but not to the degree that occurs in bipolar disorder.
[cyclo- + G. thymos, rage]

cyclothymia

A mood disorder featuring swings from elation to depression. Severe cyclothymia is sometimes known as a manic-depressive psychosis. Many normal people have cyclothymic personalities.

Patient discussion about cyclothymia

Q. Does anyone else out there suffer from 'cyclothymia'? I cycle between depression and low-normal moods. It seems as though the depression is always lurking, ready to take me over. Sometimes I wish I got the mania (or more truthfully, the hypo-mania) so as to give me some real relief from the depression.

A. The depression is kind of like a wolf lurking in the bushes waiting to leap on you and tear you apart isn't it. I don't understand it all. Hopefully you are under a doctor's care and are going to see your doctor regularly and taking your prescribed medicine. If not, its time to go and get help. Your doctor can prescribe from a large range of medications to help and can recommend seeing a psychologist or therapist, if needed. Alot of all this is some kind of complicated chemical imbalance in the brain. Hopefully you have a friend to talk stuff out with. That's really good if you can. Also getting into a routine for some exercise, like walking is good. I am a depressive only. Its dark almost all the time for me. You're right about those good days, they never seem to last long enough before that "wolf" strikes again.

Q. How does diabetes affect a person that has one kidney? Diabetes runs in my family and I am scared that I might get it. I recently found out that I was born with one kidney. I haven’t spoken to a doctor yet but i am curious. Can a person with one kidney and diabetes live a normal life?

A. I work in a Kidney Dialysis unit so I can tell one thing Diabetes is the number one cause of Kidney Failure and you only have one. So, monitor yourself very close and any sign of problems go see a doctor and head it off at the pass if you can.

More discussions about cyclothymia
References in periodicals archive ?
During the hypomanic phase of cyclothymia, symptoms include an exaggerated feeling of happiness or well-being, extreme optimism, inflated self-esteem, poor judgment, rapid speech and racing thoughts, agitation, aggressive or hostile behaviour, excessive involvement in enjoyable and goal directed activities, deceased need to sleep and inability to concentrate.
Yet it wasn't until three years ago that Solomon, now 42, learned there is a word for the mood swings that have affected him since his youth: cyclothymia.
Those with bipolar II and cyclothymia may have hypomanic episodes lasting only 1-3 days, which defies conservative DSM-IV diagnostic criteria.
Those with bipolar 11 and cyclothymia may have hypomanic episodes lasting only 1-3 days, which defies conservative DSM-IV diagnostic criteria.
Schaffer treated 28 patients with treatment-resistant bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, and cyclothymia with adjunctive gabapentin (to antidepressants, antipsychotics, benzodiazepines, or other anticonvulsants).
Surgeon General's Report on Mental Health, major depression is the predominant of four disorders commonly grouped together as affective or mood disorders: major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, dysthymia, and cyclothymia (USDHHS, 1999).
For example, Jamison (1993) identified a number of historical figures who were believed to suffer from cyclothymia, depression, or bipolar disorder, including poets, such as Blake, Lord Byron, and Shelley; writers, such as Clemens, Greene, and Stevenson; composers, such as Berlioz, Handel, and Rossini; and artists, such as Gauguin, Gericault, and Pollock.
If we found more than 50% of the total available class meetings identified with corresponding DSM headings (such as "DSM-IV Introduction," "Psychotic Disorders: Schizophrenia," or "Mood Disorders: Mania, Bipolar Disorder, and Cyclothymia," in Case 4), we judged the syllabus to be organized and structured by the DSM.
Age standardised figures for men and women combined showed anxiety disorders (including panic, agoraphobia, post traumatic stress disorder and social phobia) in 7.1% of FT employed people compared with 14.9% of unemployed people, affective disorders (including major depression, bipolar disorder, dysthymia and cyclothymia) in 3.8% of FT employed people compared with 10.1% of unemployed people and substance abuse in 15% of FT employed people compared with 26.7% of unemployed people (Mental health and wellbeing: profile of Australian adults.
There are a number of disorders in the bipolar spectrum, including bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, and cyclothymia. Bipolar I disorder is the most severe; it is characterized by manic episodes that last for at least a week and depressive episodes that last for at least 2 weeks.
For example, cyclothymia and bipolar I disor der have demonstrated similar rates of family psychopathology, lithium response, and type of symptoms (Akiskal et al., 1977; Alarcon, 1985; Coryell, 1982; Depue & Fuhrman, 1987; Depue et al., 1981).
Daily, a retired psychiatrist, does offer one new insight into Woolf's condition: that her manic depression was complicated by cyclothymia, a condition in which the sufferer's mood shifts are affected by seasonal changes.