Cycasin in the endangered butterfly Eumaeus atala florida.
The silk may potentially be chemically protected via the cycasins and other neurotoxins found in the host plant (Bowers & Larin 1989; Nash et al.
1994); the neurotoxins in its host plant may affect the insect's flight muscles, as it is known that the bodies of the larvae and adults contain high concentrations of cycasins and other toxic chemicals (Rothschild et al.
Mutagenicity of the naturally occurring carcinogen cycasin
and synthetic methylazoxymethanol conjugates in Salmonella typhimurium.
In this last species the presence of cycasin and macrozamin in seeds and ovules has been reported in previous studies (De Luca et al.
The concentration of cycasin is more elevated in young leaves in the case of Zamia integrifolia L.
and BMAA in cycad flour prepared by Guam Chamorros.
, methylazoxymethanol and related compounds.
neurotoxins such as cycasins
, macrozamins, and BMAA (Whiting, 1963;