cyanogenic


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Related to cyanogenic: Cyanogenic glycosides

cy·a·no·gen·ic

(sī'an-ō-jen'ik),
Capable of producing hydrocyanic acid; said of plants such as sorghum, Johnson grass, arrowgrass, and wild cherry that may cause cyanide poisoning in herbivorous animals.

cyanogenic

producing cyanide compounds, as does the clover.

cyanogenetic, cyanogenic

generating or giving rise to cyanide.

cyanogenetic glycosides
potentially poisonous cyanide radicals are found in plants in the form of cyanogenetic glycosides, in which form they are not poisonous. The glycosides may be broken down by plant enzymes or by rumen microorganisms and the material then releases its cyanide.
References in periodicals archive ?
Investigation of such phenomena would require controlled fruit-removal experiments with careful tracking of the onset of transition to mature fruit color and the loss of cyanogenic properties.
There is increased risk of liver damage in a population with tapioca as staple food due to the excess stress on liver to metabolize the hydrogen cyanide formed from cyanogenic glucosides.
Both plants had more steroids and flavonoids except for the two phytochemicals, anthraquinones and cyanogenic glycosides which were absent.
Chaptalia nutans, a strongly cyanogenic plant of Brazil.
Euphorbiaceae: Cyanogenic glycosides are amino acid present in more than 2500 plant species, playing an important role in plant defense against herbivores due to their bitter taste and release of toxic hydrogen cyanide.
Unlike linamarin and lotaustralin which are the cyanogenic glycosides found in cassava plants, taxiphyllin in bamboo shoots is highly unstable and is easily decomposed when treated with boiling water.
The stems, leaves, and seeds of apples, cherries, peaches, and apricots contain cyanogenic glycosides that can cause vomiting and loss of appetite when eaten in large amounts.
A tropical butterfly heliconius can convert the glycosides to no harmful molecules for nitrogen synthesis making it resistant to the cyanogenic glycoside of its "host" passion flower.
Cyanogenic glycosides, isoflavonoids and alkaloids which are soluble secondary compounds can also be toxic to animals (Morris and Robbins, 1997).
As an illustration, current regulations for GM foods, if applied to non-GM products, would bar the sale of potatoes and tomatoes, which can contain poisonous glycoalkaloids; celery, which contains carcinogenic psoralens; rhubarb and spinach (oxalic acid); and cassava, which feeds about half a billion people, but contains toxic cyanogenic alkaloids.
It is amazing that although the scientific community rejected the claim that laetrile (the cyanogenic glycoside, amygdalin) is a vitamin, a broad section of the public still accepts it as "vitamin B17.