Caradus and Williams (1989) reported that the most persistent white clovers in New Zealand were collected from New Zealand pastures and possessed moderate to high levels of cyanogenesis and high stolon densities.
Cyanogenesis in white clover (Trifolium repens L.).
in bovine rumen fluid and pure cultures of rumen bacteria.
Tetrasomic inheritance was reported for cyanogenesis
(Dawson, 1941), brown keel tip color (Hart and Wilsie, 1959; Buzzell and Wilsie, 1963; Ramnani and Jones, 1984), and pubescence, chlorophyll deficiency, flower color, and corolla striping (Bubar and Miri, 1965).
Simms (1992) reviews a number of studies suggesting a fitness cost to cyanogenesis
Poor understanding of cyanogenesis
in cassava limits crop utilization.
White clover plants established from natural and machine seeding have high genetic diversity for cyanogenesis
(Jones, 1972), Rhizobium strain specificity (Mytton, 1975), leaf markings (Brewbaker, 1955; Carnahan et al., 1955; Corkhill, 1971), and self-incompatibility alleles (Williams, 1931, cited in Turkington et al., 1979).