However, presence of characters such as a deep massive ramus, short and robust canine, p2 with an accessory posterior cuspid
, an enlarged p4, a massive ml with small accessory cuspids
on the trigonid, and a large and robust humerus allies specimens from Terapa with the extinct C.
Again, Zoubov (17) suggested that the Caucasoid dental complex may be divided in two groups: a Northern one, with high Mongoloid influence characterized by high frequencies of shovel-shaped incisors, +5 cuspid
patter, and Carabelli's cusp (cuspid
shapes), and a southern one, characterized by the absence of shovel-shaped incisors, Y3 and Y4 cuspid
patterns, and in general a very simplified dental morphology similar to that of sundadontic groups.
Is then drawn inferiorly and through the sutured edge of the reflected flap, at the crest of ridge or through the socket vacated by the extracted deciduous cuspid
The distal interference causes tilting of the concerning TMJ and might initiate grinding and wear of the contralateral cuspids
in a short period of time, as a parafunction, mostly unconsciously at night.
The most common site was the mandibular third molar (11 cases), followed by the mandibular first molar (10 cases), maxillary third molar (2 cases), maxillary cuspid
(2 cases), mandibular first premolar (2 cases), mandibular second premolar (1 case), mandibular central incisor (1 case), and maxillary central incisor (1 case) [6, 11, 12].
He recommends the placement of four tissue stops (2 mm in width located in molar and cuspid
regions which should extend from palatal aspect of the ridge to the mucobuccal fold) and one vent hole in the incisive papilla region before making the final impression with the metallic oxide impression material (Figure 3) .
The p4 has a strongly developed posterior cuspid
, m1 with strong and voluminous metaconid, m2 big with reduced to absent paraconid, narrow talonid almost completely occupied by the hypoconid.
Regarding metaconules, or small cuspid
with a free tip located at the distal edge of the upper molars between the disto-buccal and disto-palatal cuspids
, they were absent from the sample.
Estimation of the sizes of unerupted cuspid
and bicuspid teeth.
Subsequently, a horizontal incision was made at mucogingival junction from cuspid
at mandibular symphysis region and a full-thickness (mucoperiosteal) flap was raised.
genovensium: greatly elongated muzzle; forearm longer that 40 mm; rostrum clearly longer than the braincase; premaxillary bones projected beyond the canines, producing a triangular projection; flat palate; "V" shaped medial posterior margin of the palate; all incisors (upper and lower) in contact; upper incisors projecting forward, almost as an extension of the rostrum; flattened lingual surface of upper canines; upper premolars longer and narrower; first upper premolar short and lacks the labial cingulum; the second upper premolar presents a weakly labial cingulum and an accessory posterior cuspid
; metastyles of the upper molars are reduced; weakly trifid lower incisors; lower canines with a lingual cingulum; and entoconid absent in all lower molars (Figs.
Festa, "Radiographic localization of the impacted cuspid
in the upper maxilla," Minerva Stomatologica, vol.