However, these kinds of intakes are very prone to flow separation due to a high diffusion rate through the duct and sharp streamline

curvature. Therefore, developing a design methodology and understanding the effects of geometrical properties on intake performance is crucial for proper intake design.

The lane-change curve connects symmetric interpolating boundary configurations, that is, the same tangent angle and

curvature. Following a lane-change curve, the vehicle will be traveling in the same direction at the end of the maneuver as it was traveling at the start; that is, there is no change of heading between the start and the final configurations.

Germain pointed out that the free energy controlling the physical system associated with an elastic plate is the total squared

curvature or bending energy.

Recently, geometry-driven image diffusion techniques have been proposed to solve and regularize ill-posedness problems; such techniques use the local geometric properties of the image surface, such as the

curvature and mean

curvature (MC).

Ortho-k for myopic correction alters the corneal

curvature that makes the central cornea flatter and midperipheral cornea steeper [3]; the mechanism underlying the corneal

curvature changes has been shown to be mainly epithelium in origin [4], and these changes are believed to be reversible should patients discontinue ortho-k lens wear for a sufficient length of time [5].

Different normal sections correspond to different

curvatures at the evaluated point, and the maximum and minimum values of these

curvatures are called the principal

curvatures [k.sub.1] and [k.sub.2], respectively.

(7), the resulting strain distribution corresponding to the

curvatures [[phi].sub.z] and [[phi].sub.y] can be expressed in linear form as:

The Role of Spontaneous

Curvature. A comparison between the definitions of [m.sub.b] (15) and [m.sub.h] (17) suggests that the difference in spontaneous

curvatures, [[bar.H].sub.I] and [[bar.H].sub.II], and the difference in bending stiffness, [[bar.k].sub.I] and [[bar.k].sub.II], of the two phases have a similar influence on the biomembrane composition.

If caught early and with the correct intervention and/or treatment, the

curvature progression can be slowed, stopped, or even reversed (National Library of Medicine, 2011).

These paths can be considered as Riemannian curves with constant

curvatures. Riemann paths with constant

curvatures contain no obstacles.

As a patient grows, The Tether - Vertebral Body Tethering System is designed to continue to correct the

curvature while maintaining a fuller range of motion when compared to spinal fusion procedures.