The results of current study provide the antibacterial activity of the peel and cupule
extracts of the oak.
Experiments on cupule
production are severely lacking in the field, although a recent study in which both direct and indirect percussion was used (Krishna & Kumar 2010a,b) all point to the same conclusion--that cupules
are neither easy or quick to make and that uniform ones, such as the ones on Uneapa, require great skill to execute.
Fifty seed with intact cupules
were randomly selected from each imbibition treatment and placed in a box for germination testing.
In Experiment 1, the cupule
(including the lemma and palea) was removed by cutting through it at the juncture of rachis and glume with a razor blade.
In no other location on the Dampier Archipelago has such treatment been recorded, either the cupules
or extending lines.
Subsequently, the cupule
, lemma, and palea were removed.
To germinate, the caryopsis within the cupule
must imbibe water, and the embryo must grow and emerge from the cupule
The nut is an acorn partially to almost entirely enclosed in a scaly, cup-shaped cupule
depth ranges from 1 to 5 cm, with many partially or almost fully filled with flow-stone.
Growth was determined to be positive or negative based upon the presence or absence of turbidity in the cupules
Sur un autre plan, les cupules
de glands peuvent fournir d'excellentes teintures naturelles.
The cell suspensions from each strain were used to inoculate the cupules
of the API ZYM strips.