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 [traw´mah] (pl. traumas, trau´mata) (Gr.)
1. injury.
2. psychological or emotional damage. adj., adj traumat´ic.
birth trauma
an injury to the infant during the process of being born. 2. in some psychiatric theories, the psychic shock produced in an infant by the experience of being born.
psychic trauma a psychologically upsetting experience that produces an emotional or mental disorder or otherwise has lasting negative effects on a person's thoughts, feelings, or behavior.
risk for trauma a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as accentuated risk of accidental tissue injury such as a wound, burn, or fracture.


, pl.




(traw'mă, -mă-tă),
An injury, physical or mental. Synonym(s): traumatism
[G. wound]


/trau·ma/ (traw´mah) (trou´mah) pl. traumas, trau´mata   [Gr.]
1. injury.
2. psychological or emotional damage.traumat´ic

birth trauma 
1. an injury to the infant during the process of being born.
2. the psychic shock produced in an infant by the experience of being born.
psychic trauma  a psychologically upsetting experience that produces a mental disorder or otherwise has lasting negative effects on a person's thoughts, feelings, or behavior.


(trô′mə, trou′-)
n. pl. trau·mas or trau·mata (-mə-tə)
a. Serious injury to the body, as from physical violence or an accident: abdominal trauma.
b. Severe emotional or mental distress caused by an experience: He experienced trauma for years after his divorce.
a. An experience that causes severe anxiety or emotional distress, such as rape or combat: memories that persist after a trauma occurs.
b. An event or situation that causes great disruption or suffering: the economic trauma of the recession.

trau·mat′ic (-măt′ĭk) adj.
trau·mat′i·cal·ly adv.


[trou′mə, trô′mə]
Etymology: Gk, wound
1 physical injury caused by violent or disruptive action or by the introduction into the body of a toxic substance.
2 psychic injury resulting from a severe emotional shock. traumatic, adj., traumatize, v.


A physical or emotional wound or injury. See Alternobaric trauma, Atmospheric inner ear barotrauma, Barotrauma, Birth trauma, Childhood trauma, Implantation trauma, Penetrating trauma, Phonotrauma.


, pl. traumata, traumas (traw'mă, -mă-tă, -măz)
An injury, physical or mental.
Synonym(s): traumatism.
[G. wound]


1. Any injury caused by a mechanical or physical agent.
2. Any event having an adverse psychological effect.


A disastrous or life-threatening event that can cause severe emotional distress. DID is associated with trauma in a person's early life or adult experience.


any form of actual wound/injury/potential injury to tissue; trauma leading to an acute inflammatory response includes mechanical, thermal, photo and chemical events, immunological and allergic reactions and infection

trauma (träˑ·m),

n any physical or emotional injury due to sudden or violent action, exposure to dangerous toxins or profound shock.
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Transverse (horizontal) plane.


, pl. traumata, traumas (traw'mă, -mă-tă, -măz)
An injury, physical or mental.
[G. wound]

trauma (trou´mə, trô´mə),

n a hurt; a wound; an injury; damage; impairment; external violence producing bodily injury or degeneration.
trauma, cumulative,
n medical condition developing in the peripheral and autonomic nervous systems and musculoskeletal system due to forceful, awkward, and repetitive bodily motions as well as exposure to cold temperatures, mechanical stress, and vibrations.
trauma, injury in occlusal,
n the damaging effects of occlusal trauma, which are of a dystrophic nature and affect the tooth and its periodontium. Lesions include wear facets on the tooth, root resorption, cemental tears, thrombosis of blood vessels of the periodontal membrane, necrosis and hyalinization of the periodontal mem-brane on the pressure side, and resorption of alveolar and supporting bone. Clinically, tooth mobility and migration may be evident; radiographically, evidence includes the widening of the periodontal membrane space and fraying or fuzziness of the lamina dura and formation of infrabony resorptive defects. Pocket formation is not a sequela to occlusal traumatism.
trauma, occlusal,
n abnormal occlusal relationships of the teeth, causing injury to the periodontium.


a wound or injury, especially damage produced by external force, e.g. surgical operation, impact, blunt instrument.

birth trauma
an injury to the fetus during the process of being born.
trauma score
a numerical assessment of injuries suffered as a result of trauma. Several systems are used, including the Glasgow Coma Scale and the Revised Trauma Score.
self-inflicted trauma

Patient discussion about trauma

Q. can you get bipolar as a result of some bad life experience? or some trauma you've been through?

A. thanks guys, my girlfriend was just diagnosed as bipolar... hard times for both of us...

Q. Save my husband. My husband was diagnosed with Bipolar disorder in 2001 but in 2003 traumatic events happened in our life due to a house fire, my husband was manic round the clock to the point where he was going to do harm to himself or someone else. I begged his doctor to institutionalize him to regulate his meds and to help him to deal with the traumatic thing that happened to us. But my doctor refused saying he couldn't do it against his will. No one would listen to my begging. Please help my husband. My husband ended up doing something that caused him to be in prison today, still not getting help. Is there anything I can do to help my husband to go to a place that will help him rather than making his mental state worse?

A. Take him to your local emergency room. tell the treage nurse you need to talk to a crisis worker. Go in with him and talk to the crisis worker about the things he has been doing and that he has bipolar disorder. Explain that he IS a danger to himself and others. They will probalbly want to speak with him alone but that is the best way to get him the help he needs. See if they can refer him to a mood disorder clinic to help him in the long run.
Stay strong and try to help him get the help he needs... Protect yourself in the meantime.

More discussions about trauma
References in periodicals archive ?
Results indicate that both cumulative trauma and differential trauma explained adolescent male delinquency.
From OSHA's perspective, an effective safety and health program for the meatpacking industry must concentrate on ergonomic hazards to prevent cumulative trauma disorders, machine guarding to avoid direct contact with dangerous equipment, and training on the proper use of knives to prevent cuts.
ABM: How would you relate to a carpenter or a fisherman their possible exposure to Cumulative Trauma Disorder-and solutions for avoidance?
Operators of this type of equipment frequently contend with bending, stretching, repetitive motion and tool vibration - each a potential cause of cumulative trauma disorders.
Things like poor lighting, repetitive movement, strenuous activity, stiff chairs and inflexible workstations are contributing to conditions known as cumulative trauma disorders (CTD), repetitive stress injuries (RSI) and work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD).
Musculoskeletal disorders -- also called cumulative trauma disorders or repetitive strain injuries -- represent the fastest-growing workplace injury in the country, accounting for 34 percent of all lost workdays due to injury or illness and $1 of every $3 spent on workers' comp claims, according to the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA).
Concerned about associate injuries and the rising costs to the business, the LRRDC Ergonomics Team was formed to identify the causes of and minimize the risks associated with cumulative trauma disorders and strain-type injuries.
In California, cumulative trauma disorders fell 9 percent to 28,600 cases.
RSI, also known as cumulative trauma disorder, usually is caused by swelling that results from muscle strain or overuse of tendons in the wrist, arm, neck, and shoulders.
a person with a slight hearing loss being placed in a factory that has a known noisy environment; a person with symptoms of cumulative trauma disorder of the hands and wrist being placed on a repetitive assembly line job).

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