culture-bound syndrome


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culture-bound syndrome

A recurrent, locality-specific pattern of behavior or disease; a folk illness; an illness that affects a specific ethnic group, tribe, or society.
References in periodicals archive ?
Running amok: A modem perspective on a culture-bound syndrome. Prim Care Companion J Clin Psychiatry.
It also included the issue of the so-called culture-bound syndromes, sets of psychiatric symptoms and dysfunctional behaviors that are expressed in a particular way in a particular culture and that may or may not be related to other mental disorders already described in other countries/cultures (9).
Emotional experiences that affect mental health and illness manifest in distinctive forms across cultural contexts as culture-bound syndromes (Chiao, 2015), which refer to patterns of maladaptive behavior that occur within a local context and are distinct from non-culture-bound syndromes (Lee et al., 2009).
In the literature on transcultural psychiatry, the Windigo psychosis has classically been presented as a "culture-bound syndrome" specific to the sub-Arctic populations of Canada.
Dans les premiers travaux de psychiatrie culturelle, le Wendigo a ete classiquement presente comme un << culture-bound syndrome >> : on en faisait un type de folie specifique qu'on disait retrouver principalement dans les populations habitant les regions sub-arctiques du nord du Canada.
The DSM-IV-TR includes an outline for cultural formulations designed to assist counselors in assessing the impact of clients' cultural contexts and, also, a glossary of 25 culture-bound syndromes for use with diverse clients.
The clear absence in the DSM of culture-specific syndromes or culture-bound syndromes related to macrolevel issues--such as acculturation adjustments, migration and immigration trauma, ethnic-racial identity confusion, or PTSD due to socially sanctioned racism or violence (Velasquez et al., 1993)--can reduce such experiences to invisibility if one adheres only to the DSM system of assessment.
For example, although the DSM-IV (APA, 1994) includes a glossary of 25 culture-bound syndromes for use with culturally and racially diverse clients, this is by no means an exhaustive list and is limited when used for the assessment and diagnosis of people of color.
Some of the most common culture-bound syndromes described among Latinos include empacho (stomach ailment), susto (fright), caida de mollera (fallen fontanelle), mal de ojo (evil eye), bilongo/hechizo (hex), ataques de nervios (attack of the nerves), and envidia (envy) (Spicer, 1977; Trotter, 1981).
Many Latinos prefer spiritual healers, rather than a physician, to treat culture-bound syndromes because a physician does not have the knowledge or the understanding to treat the syndromes (Applewhite, 1995; Rivera, Lucero, & Salazar, 1979).
In some cases, men's health disorders, such as benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH), can be characterized as "culture-bound syndromes," given differential (and often profitable) emphasis in diagnosis and treatment by doctors and pharmaceutical manufacturers (McDade, 1996).

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