culture-bound syndrome


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culture-bound syndrome

A recurrent, locality-specific pattern of behavior or disease; a folk illness; an illness that affects a specific ethnic group, tribe, or society.
References in periodicals archive ?
Running amok: A modem perspective on a culture-bound syndrome.
However, the final version of the manual was criticized by various members of the panel as it included only a few of the reported cultural aspects and because of the decision to insert culture-bound syndromes only as an appendix to the manuals (10-12).
Emotional experiences that affect mental health and illness manifest in distinctive forms across cultural contexts as culture-bound syndromes (Chiao, 2015), which refer to patterns of maladaptive behavior that occur within a local context and are distinct from non-culture-bound syndromes (Lee et al.
This is a sex-related culture-bound syndrome which may have similarities with other psychosexual and behavioural cases.
The clear absence in the DSM of culture-specific syndromes or culture-bound syndromes related to macrolevel issues--such as acculturation adjustments, migration and immigration trauma, ethnic-racial identity confusion, or PTSD due to socially sanctioned racism or violence (Velasquez et al.
For example, although the DSM-IV (APA, 1994) includes a glossary of 25 culture-bound syndromes for use with culturally and racially diverse clients, this is by no means an exhaustive list and is limited when used for the assessment and diagnosis of people of color.
Some of the most common culture-bound syndromes described among Latinos include empacho (stomach ailment), susto (fright), caida de mollera (fallen fontanelle), mal de ojo (evil eye), bilongo/hechizo (hex), ataques de nervios (attack of the nerves), and envidia (envy) (Spicer, 1977; Trotter, 1981).
Many Latinos prefer spiritual healers, rather than a physician, to treat culture-bound syndromes because a physician does not have the knowledge or the understanding to treat the syndromes (Applewhite, 1995; Rivera, Lucero, & Salazar, 1979).
They are referred for culture-bound syndromes and physical illnesses.
Culture-bound syndromes and physical illnesses may be caused by natural or spiritual intrusions into the body, which can be addressed through spiritual rebirth, protection, and cleansing from negative influences.
The purpose of this study was to assess the extent to which Central American immigrants endorsed and used ethnomedical approaches to treatment and to examine the culture-bound syndromes and illnesses for which these ethnomedical approaches are used.
Anthropologists have demonstrated that culture-bound syndromes such as semen depletion (Bottero, 1991; Herdt, 1997) or erectile dysfunction (Inhorn, 2002a; Potts, 2000) depend not only on culturally specific understandings of human reproductive physiology, but also on a phallocentric perspective on human sexuality that de-emphasizes other forms of male sexual expression and pleasure.

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