She emphasizes the consolidation of what is known about culturally diverse counseling and new developments in neuroscience and "culture" genes, as well as in the areas of implicit and explicit bias, microaggressions, and the Cultural Formulation
Interview, and recent developments in positive psychology and strengths-based counseling.
As described in the DSM-5 Outline for Cultural Formulation
and operationalized in the Cultural Formulation
Interview, clinicians should assess possible cultural differences among Bill, his family, his community, and his clinicians regarding their cultural concepts of distress and illness and expectations of care in order to formulate a treatment plan acceptable to patient and family.
The cultural formulation
of psychiatric disorders is important in many different ways, including the prevention of misdiagnoses as discussed by Adeponle and elsewhere [1, 2], obtaining crucial clinical information [3-5], improving the patient rapport and interaction , improving therapeutic effectiveness , and serving as a guide to clinical studies  and cultural epidemiological studies  on psychiatric disorders.
A good starting point is the DSM-5's Cultural Formulation
Interview, which is a set of 16 questions psychiatrists can use to determine the impact of culture on a patient's clinical presentation and care.
Applying the DSM-5 Outline for Cultural Formulation
and the Cultural Formulation
In order to provide better cultural assessment of all patients, the APA has provided an 11-page tool, the DSM-5 Cultural Formulation
Interview (CFI) intended for clinicians to conduct in-depth cultural assessments of patients to aid in diagnosis and development of a comprehensive treatment plan (APA, 2013, pp.
Another important step in the roadmap, particularly in light of the cultural formulation
guidelines in the DSM-5, is the recognition that the mental health workforce needs to be culturally and linguistically diverse.
1.8 DSM-V cultural formulation
and diagnostic categories
The Cultural Formulation
model in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-V, American Psychiatric Association, 2013) is a valuable tool for articulating the value of self and other.
AMHCA's comments addressed 12 disorder categories as well as the Cultural Formulation
has also been deemed important in training.
A cultural formulation
approach to career counseling with international students.