cuffed endotracheal tube

cuffed endotracheal tube

An airway catheter used to provide an airway through the trachea and at the same time to prevent aspiration of foreign material into the bronchus. This is accomplished by an inflatable cuff that surrounds the tube. The cuff is inflated after the tube is placed in the trachea.
See: endotracheal tube for illus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Intubation done with oral cuffed endotracheal tube number 7.0 in females and 8.0 in males and cuff inflated with minimum air to stop air leak.
Tenders invited for Disposable cuffed endotracheal tube of size 6, 6.5, 7, 7.5, 8 & 8.5
Induction of anaesthesia was done with Thiopental sodium intravenously till effect and intubated with cuffed endotracheal tube. Anaesthesia was maintained with incremental doses of Ketamin hydrochloride.
Low flow anesthesia: efficacy and outcome of laryngeal mask airway vs pressure optimized cuffed endotracheal tube. Saudi J Anesth.
The cuffed endotracheal tube size can be estimated by using the following formula for children older than two years of age:
When ventilating a patient with a cuffed endotracheal tube in place two important issues arise immediately.
The invention of a cuffed endotracheal tube, to enable air-tight inflation of the normal lung, while the bronchus to the affected lung was sealed off by the cuff, was an important advance.
Janeway continued to experiment, introducing first an endotracheal cannula, then eventually a fully automated respirator that provided assistance to the patient's own respiration via a cuffed endotracheal tube. None of these inventions achieved widespread use.
Briefly, a balloon catheter was advanced through one nostril into the lower esophagus, and the animals were intubated with a cuffed endotracheal tube through the other nostril.
Nevertheless, aspiration can occur around a cuffed endotracheal tube. Once the patient is intubated, the anesthesiologist or nurse anesthetist can facilitate ventilation and oxygenation, and deliver anesthesic gases during the operative procedure.
In the event of cardiopulmonary arrest, the European Resuscitation Council Guidelines recommend airway protection, ideally with a cuffed endotracheal tube. The relevant guideline notes the limitations of supraglottic airway devices in the presence of reduced pulmonary compliance (4).