In an earlier study, cryoscopic
technique was applied for expansion of HL nanotubes, which were used preparing chitosan composite hydrogels .
There were differences in the means between treatments with different energy levels for the cryoscopic
index, in which milk samples from the control group had the highest mean (Table 4).
Among the physical variables, the cryoscopic
point increased as a result of decreased synthesis of all the chemical components of milk and decreased density, which could be misconstrued as an addition of water to milk.
Salivary osmolality was analyzed using a cryoscopic
(freezing-point depression) osmometer (calibrated with deionized water and 300 mOsmol/kg NaCl solution).
For best results, MA packaged meat should be stored at low, near cryoscopic
temperatures (0-4[degrees]C) causing the rate of chemical and microbial breakdown to slow (Krala, 1996; Kondratowicz and Bak, 2001; Barrera et al., 2007).
grinding to a particle size below [d.sub.3,max] = 80 [micro]m was done with POM granules (BASF SE), the generated powder was then mixed with 0.2 wt.-% of Aerosil[R] (Degussa AG), in order to step up flowability.
Developments at NBS/NIST that are important to thermometry, but not covered, include, e.g., the purification of platinum, the Mueller Bridge (widely used before the modern bridges were developed), purification by slow crystallization and zone refining, cryoscopic
determination of purity of substances, ac bridge measurement of resistance, electronics and computers, and many other areas.
Line also includes the Vapor Pressure Osmometer for the average molecular weight of polymers and the osmolality of aqueous solutions and the Cryoscopic
Osmometer for determining molar masses in benzolic solutions.
Urinary osmolality, which is a measure of urinary dilution, was measured by the freezing point depression method using automatic cryoscopic
osmometer (Osmomat[R] 030; Gonotec, Berlin, Germany).
Inherent viscosity was measured on an Ubbelohde viscometer (DIN 510 10/I) connected to an automatic Schott Gerate AVS310 meter equipped with a Schott Gerate CT 050/1 thermostatic bath and a Selecta 6000382 external cryoscopic
This solution was confirmed to have an osmotic pressure greater than 300 mOsm/kg using a cryoscopic
osmometer (Osmomat 030, Gonotec GmbH, Berlin, Germany).