Cerdas, "Comparative study on coagulant, defibrinating, fibrinolytic and fibrinogenolytic activities of Costa Rican crotaline
snake venoms and their neutralization by a polyvalent antivenom," Toxicon, vol.
Neutralization of crotaline
snake venoms from Central and South America by antivenoms produced in Brazil and Costa Rica.
Microvasculature of crotaline
snake pit organs: possible function as a heat exchange mechanism.
The facial pits, characteristics of all crotaline
snakes, were first shown to be sensitive to thermal stimuli by Noble and Schmidt (1937) and have since been studied with modern electrophysiological techniques (Bullock & Dieke, 1956; Goris & Nomoto, 1967; Terashima, 1987), revealing that pit nerve fibers are capable of discriminating stimuli differing by a few thousandths of a degree Celsius.
Cross reactivity and heterologous neutralization of crotaline
antivenoms used in Argentina.
The bites by crotaline
snakes induce a prominent local tissue damage characterized by edema, hemorrhage and myonecrosis (Ownby 1982, Gutierrez and Lomonte 1989, Gutierrez 2002, Lamar and Sasa 2003, Pinto et al.
Ophryacus undulatus is a crotaline
snake endemic from moderate to high elevations in the Sierra Madre del Sur in the Mexican states of Guerrero, Oaxaca, and west-central Veracruz.
intergeneric relationships based on mitochondrial DNA sequence data.
The Carrol Creek fossil vertebra (12533) is wide through the middorsal neural arch region, has a thick, posteriorly directed hypapophysis, and has a moderately depressed neural arch (in posterior view), as in modern crotaline
If colubrines and crotalines
have consistently been reported as probable, if not actual food items, why then has Nerodia been noticeably absent.