crotalid


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Related to crotalid: crotalid snake

viper

 [vi´per]
1. any snake of the viperid and crotalid families (the true vipers and the pit vipers).
2. a term sometimes used to refer to any venomous snake.
Old World viper true viper.
pit viper any of a family of venomous snakes found in North America including the many types of rattlesnakes (genera Crotalus and Sistrurus), as well as the copperheads and water moccasins (both of genus Agkistrodon).
Russell's viper Vipera russellii, a true viper of Southeast Asia whose venom (Russell's viper venom) is used in blood tests.
true viper any of a large family of venomous snakes found in Africa, parts of Europe, Asia, and adjacent islands, but not in the Americas or Australia; it includes cobras and adders, among others. Called also Old World viper, viperid, and viperine.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

cro·ta·lid

(krō'tă-lid),
Any member of the snake family Crotalidae.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Rattlesnakes and other crotalids. In: Brent J, Wallace K, Burkhart K, Phillips S, Donovan J.
Discussion of the literature with the faculty member revealed that the snakes of interest for the current project were native crotalids (rattlesnakes and others of the pit viper group) and not those of the families of snakes that produce neurotoxic venom (e.g., cobras, coral snakes).
Comparison of the purity and efficacy of affinity Purified avian antivenoms with commercial equine crotalid antivenoms.
The product is the primary antivenom for snakebites from crotalid snakes, which are common to the United States.
Subsequent studies (Melo et al., 1994) have shown that the same plant extract and purified Wedelolactone neutralized the myotoxic effects of three other crotalid venoms, namely B.
Systematic remarks on a rare crotalid snake from Ecuador Bothriechis albocarinata (Shreve), with some comments on generic arrangements of Neotropical pitvipers.
The actual dietary use of natracines in this region cannot be documented, but can be confirmed for some of the crotalid and colubrid taxa recovered.