A person who helps school children cross trafficked roads in the UK during the school year. The name refers to the large signs he or she holds to attract the attention of traffic, which resemble lollipops.
Which is why each spring, Patti Smith of the Bonnyvale Environmental Education Center in Brattleboro, Vermont, organizes crews of volunteer salamander crossing guards. Like Minutemen equipped with flashlights instead of flintlocks, Smith's volunteers must be ready for action at short notice.
Mrs Phillips, from Kirkby, is having her service record scrutinised to see if she is Britain's longest-serving crossing guard, as school staff and pupils paid tribute to her four decades of keeping children safe.
Unlike Jack Nicholson's character in Sean Penn's recent film "The Crossing Guard," or Sally Field's vengeful mother in John Schlessinger's bloodbath "An Eye for an Eye," Edward Ives does not descend into an inferno of rage or try to lash out at his child's killer, even when prompted by well-meaning friends.
But my parents set a high standard to follow - they met at ages 14 and 15 when my Dad was a school crossing guard and helped my mum cross the street," the Daily Star quoted her as telling the New York Daily News.