Due to the observation that A20 is a key molecule in the establishment of TNF/LPS cross-tolerance
, its importance within TNF tolerance has also been assessed.
Response to temperature stress of reactive oxygen species scavenging enzymes in cross-tolerance
of barley seed germination.
Framework of Addiction Interaction Disorders (1) Cross-tolerance
(a) "A simultaneous increase of addictive behaviour in two or more addictions", or (b) when one addictive behaviour is substituted for another and there is a higher-than-expected tolerance for the new behaviour.
Chronic alcohol treatment can produce not only tolerance to the effects of alcohol but also cross-tolerance
to the effects of nicotine.
This illustrates that, under the range of operating conditions used in this study, cross-tolerance
is insignificant in predicting viability loss.
As mentioned earlier, acclimation to some stresses has also been found to provide cross-tolerance
to other stresses.
The sedative-hypnotic drugs, including alcohol and benzodiazepines, have cross-tolerance
and dependence to one another so that any may be substituted for the other.
Finally, to gain insights into the cytokine patterns and potential cross-tolerance
, the effect of LTA pretreatment was examined in CpG/D-galN and R848/D-galN mice.
Another mechanism that may contribute to alcohol-nicotine interactions is cross-tolerance
to the effects of both drugs.
The role of calcium and activated oxygen as signals for controlling cross-tolerance
. Trends Plant Sci., 5: 241246
Different opioids bind slightly differently to receptors, and incomplete cross-tolerance
is common, she noted.
These mechanisms include genes that are involved in regulating certain brain chemical systems; neurobiological mechanisms, such as cross-tolerance
and cross-sensitization to both drugs; conditioning mechanisms, in which cravings for alcohol or nicotine are elicited by certain environmental cues; and psychosocial factors (e.g., personality characteristics and coexisting psychiatric disorders).