Prior work on EL disproportionality in special education has either studied current-EL students cross-sectionally
or used proxies to attempt to hold the EL population constant.
In summary, our findings show that plasma PFAS concentrations in prediabetic individuals are consistently but modestly associated cross-sectionally
with higher markers of metabolic dysfunction.
These wage levels are the basis for determining, both cross-sectionally
and longitudinally, the prevalence of low-wage work within the larger workforce, defined here as all wage and salary workers.
Larger samples are needed to replicate the non-significant association between discrimination and illicit drug problems after adjustment for confounders, as this association has been documented both cross-sectionally
and longitudinally among other ethnic groups.
In the 2011-2012 academic year, the alcohol consumption patterns of the first-year and fifth-year students, and also those of the professors, were assessed cross-sectionally
Both interest rates on saving products and the return rates insurers are able to obtain from investing their reserves are determined on a national or international basis, so that we can safely consider them cross-sectionally
invariant in our setting.
Finally, It should be noted any excess gain related to the parametric strategy on a given set of cross-sectionally
variant characteristics disappears after multiple agents start exploiting the same approach and same data.
2010) applied the cross-sectionally
augmented procedure of Pesaran (2007) (hereafter CA-ILT*), which was found to be robust to the presence of several sources of cross-sectional dependence, such as the spatial form (Baltagi et al.
1 = mild to high) and the diagnostic group were studied cross-sectionally
and longitudinally through binary logistic regression, adjusted for other comorbidities.
Researchers concluded that vitamin D status is associated with functional limitations cross-sectionally
and longitudinally in individuals aged 55 to 65 years and those 65 years and older.
The test is based on the cross-sectionally
ADF (CADF) statistics.
Compared to the conventional CFB boiler, the dense phase zone in the high-low bed CFB is cross-sectionally
divided into two parts which have different operating velocities and heights.