Differential gene expression between cross-fertilized
and self-fertilized kernels during the early stages of seed development in maize.
Several studies show that weight difference between cross-fertilized and self-fertilized kernels are greatest during the early stages of kernel development.
In 1993, in a preliminary study of xenia effect on starch metabolism, activity of ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (EC 18.104.22.168, ADPGppase), and glucose, sucrose, and starch contents were studied on endosperm and embryo from selfed and cross-fertilized kernels sampled at 25 DAP from ears of the line F564, selfed and crossed to the line A188.
For a taste of what people responded to in Beat writing, check out this alternative trio of books: Kerouac's The Dharma Bums, the 1958 follow-up to On the Road that illustrates how the Beats cross-fertilized
and cross-promoted one another; Ginsberg's Howl and Other Poems (1956), which features a shrewdly legitimating introduction by William Carlos Williams; and Burroughs's Junkie (first published in 1953 under the pseudonym William Lee), a coolly compelling tour of the dropout demimonde that proved irresistible in Eisenhower's America.
They have cross-fertilized
each other, leading to a richer network of collaboration between scholars and performers than can be claimed for most other areas of music.
The nature of Gulliver's Travels makes it more easily available for a one-eyed reading, and certainly it is true that different literary kinds lend themselves in different ways to cross-fertilized
approaches: but some not at all.
The cost of meiosis, the reduction in the number of genes transmitted to each cross-fertilized
progeny compared with the number transmitted to each selfed progeny, appears in the result as the maximum inbreeding depression that allows selfing to be selected.
At some point she realized that while knowledge about the processes of war and peace were increasing, as were insights about the roles of men and women in social and political processes, the two areas had not been cross-fertilized
to explore the importance, and especially the potential, of understanding gender roles in building and keeping peace.
In alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), a cross-fertilized legume, the effect of pollen origin has been clearly shown.
Fertilization with a mixture of pollen may result in competition between self- and cross-fertilized kernels (Kiesselbach and Leonard, 1932).
Chi-squared was used to compare differences among classes of cross-fertilized seeds according to flowering node and position of the seed in the pod.
In this experiment, pollen deposit on flowers successively visited did not always decrease monotonically and displayed a pattern in aggregates which is consistent with the distribution of self and cross-fertilized pods observed in this study.