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1. comparison and selection of objects having similar or identical characteristics.
2. the selection of compatible donors and recipients for transfusion or transplantation. See also typing.
3. the selection of subjects for clinical trials or other studies so that the different groups being compared are similar in specified characteristics, e.g., age, sex, or race, in order to reduce bias caused by comparison of dissimilar groups. Matching may be on an individual (matched pairs) or a group-wide basis.
cross matching crossmatching.
The process of determining the compatibility of blood from a donor with that of a recipient before transfusion.