critical thinking


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thinking

 [thingk´ing]
ideational mental activity (in contrast to emotional activity); the flow of ideas, symbols, and associations that brings forth concepts and reasons.
autistic thinking self-absorption; preoccupation with inner thoughts, daydreams, fantasies, delusions, drives, and personal logic. It is egocentric, subjective thinking lacking objectivity and preferring a narcissistic, inner, private reality to that with external validity. Used interchangeably with dereistic thinking, although differing in emphasis. Called also autism.
critical thinking a style of reasoning that involves a complex process of reflection and analysis. See accompanying table.
dereistic thinking thinking not in accordance with the facts of reality and experience and following illogical, idiosyncratic reasoning. Used interchangeably with autistic thinking, although not an exact synonym: dereistic emphasizes disconnection from reality and autistic emphasizes preoccupation with inner experience. Called also dereism.
magical thinking that characterized by the belief that thinking or wishing something can cause it to occur.
primary process thinking in psychoanalytic theory, primitive thought processes deriving from the id and marked by illogical form, preverbal content, an emphasis on immediate wish fulfillment, and an equating of thought and action. Such processes are characteristic of childhood and of dreams.
secondary process thinking in psychoanalytic theory, the more sophisticated thought processes, based on logic, obeying the rules of causality, and consistent with external reality. Such processes are characteristic of mature conscious thought.

crit·i·cal think·ing

(krit'i-kăl thingk'ing)
1. The practice of considering all aspects of a situation when deciding what to believe or what to do.
2. nursing Reflective and reasoned thinking, leading to judgments about what to believe or actions to take in any given situation.

critical thinking

1. The ability to interpret argument, evidence, or raw information in a logical and unbiased fashion.
2. The ability to solve complex problems effectively.

Patient care

Critical thinking in clinical settings involves the ability to solve complex problems effectively, using, for example, close observation, communication skills, consensus building, data mining, empathy, experience, logic, mathematics, pattern recognition, and reasoning.

See also: thinking
References in periodicals archive ?
Certainly, extensive experience carries a quality all its own, but experience by itself does not equate to skill in critical thinking.
The domain of critical thinking in this study will be college level mathematics.
These definitions describe critical thinking as a disciplined process that can be improved.
In fact, given the natural ego centric state of the human mind and studies on critical thinking to date, most individuals likely would argue that they themselves understand critical thinking, and that it really is "other people" who lack critical skills and characteristics of mind; are prejudiced, biased, and self-deceived; and distort information and misrepresent things, not "us"--or certainly not "me.
The Pakistani class room teacher usually uses series of set factual, low level information based questions that hardly challenge student's critical thinking skills because answers can be easily available from the text.
This integrative review of eight studies considered eight tests to measure student nurse critical thinking and correlated these with performance on the NCLEX-RN.
Start today and elevate your critical thinking process.
Applying critical thinking to cost management and budget analysis will enhance our everyday experience, allowing for a better interaction between stakeholders.
Employers More Interested in Critical Thinking and Problem Solving Than College Major.
Honors administrators may be too busy to make sure that their curricula provide proper scaffolding for teaching critical thinking skills, but when we make the claim for critical thinking in our mission statements, we should make sure we teach it in our courses.
A review of the existing research in the development of critical thinking skills suggests that targeting instruction at the higher cognitive levels and engaging the students in active learning can both be effective tools in fostering the development of critical thinking.

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