Compassion, satisfaction, compassion fatigue, and critical incident stress
CISD is part of the broader Critical Incident Stress
Management (CISM) model.
Mitchell, "Critical Incident Stress
Management," <http://www.info-trauma.org/flash/media-e/mtichellCritical IncidentStressManagement.pdf>, accessed on 8 December 2010.
The EAP should have licensed counselors available with certification in critical incident stress
management to be onsite after a trauma occurs and to provide debriefings to affected employees soon after the event.
Critical incident stress
debriefing: an operations manual for CISD, defusing and other group crisis intervention services.
School counselors and administrators must be certified in critical incident stress
debrief methods in order to promote and model self-care, and to better serve their constituencies.
He launched the Critical Incident Stress
Management programme providing educational, training and counselling services to help cope with the pressures of fighting fires and assisting at serious road accidents.
Since lower levels of preparation for critical incident stress
have been shown to be related to greater post incident distress (Marmar, et al., 1996), it would be of particular value to know what type of support systems and structure are most efficacious for TS.
Specialized training in the conduct of fieldwork, like that offered by the Green Cross Foundation or the International Critical Incident Stress
Foundation (ICISF), is thereby requisite and serves to cut across disciplinary and professional--layperson lines (Green Cross Foundation, 2004; ICISF, 2004).
By conducting critical incident stress
debriefings (CISDs), EAPs helped employees recover from the psychological effects of the event and get back to work.
Critical Incident Stress
Management (CISM) is a product of the International Critical Incident Stress
Foundation and provides a structured approach to helping people prepare for, deal with, and recover from stressful events.
The International Critical Incident Stress
Foundation (ICISF), based near Baltimore, is the largest psychological debriefing training outfit in the world.