protocols or assessments are designed to measure student performance against a fixed set of predetermined criteria.
test (CRT) based on the selected educational objectives of the wind turbine blade design instructional unit served as the main analytical assessment for the study.
Hence, standardised, or criterion-referenced
The Clinical Performance in Nursing Examination (CPNE[R]) is a criterion-referenced
performance examination administered over a weekend in a hospital.
Each of these parts is structured similarly and is based on an exhaustive revision of previous literature; the parts each cover one of the main topics of educational measurement: Criterion-Referenced
Testing (CRT); Item Response Theory (IRT); Computer-Based Testing (CBT); Cross-Lingual Assessment; and Accountability Testing and Score Reporting.
The challenges in criterion-referenced
exams include the need to make sure all the judges make the same judgement about the same performances (i.e.
Standards-based assessment is rooted in criterion-referenced
design, meaning students' performance is evaluated relative to educational standards, as opposed to the performance of one's peers.
A more rigorous, criterion-referenced
assignment would require the candidate to develop the lesson plan for a specific third-grade science objective that will accommodate a class' gifted students and English-language learners.
Earlier still, when initial proponents of criterion-referenced
measurement were attempting to sort out how to create and improve tests leading to criterion-referenced
inferences, Cox (1971) and other measurement specialists tried to devise ways to maximize a test item's sensitivity to instruction.
A consumer's guide to setting performance standard on criterion-referenced
The term "criterion-referenced
testing" was first used by Glaser in a series of publications in the early 1960s.