criminology

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crim·i·nol·o·gy

(krim-i-nol'ō-jē),
The branch of science concerned with the physical and mental characteristics and behavior of criminals.
[L. crimen, crime, + G. logos, study]
(1) The study of criminal behavior (forensic psychiatry)
(2) The study of the nature, causes, and means of handling criminal acts, viewed from the perspective of the police
References in periodicals archive ?
Alessandro 2014 "Reform or Revolution: Thoughts on Liberal and Radical Criminologies." Social Justice 40(1-2): 24-31.
In a substantial review, Gibbons (1994:164) discusses the theory as one of the "new criminologies" that warrants attention, not least for its valid contention that "crime is both in and of society." Most recently, in his attempt to locate the roots and intellectual influences on constitutive criminology, Arrigo (1997: 392--923) proclaimed that, "constitutive thought is now firmly established as a leading conceptual orientation in the sociology of law and in criminology," but he admits that it is "relatively new and not yet fully legitimized." Ruller (1997: 497) predicts that "we can expect a slow and steady infiltration of postmodern elements into the discipline.
Such a view ignores the diversity of possible criminologies and also the variability of the ways in which the same discourse can become linked to different practices.