criminal anthropology

crim·i·nal an·thro·pol·o·gy

anthropology in relation to the physical and mental characteristics, heredity, and social relations of the criminal.
See also: criminology.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
She covers punishment before Italian unification, the failed revolution in punishment, prison consolidation and reform, women and the convent prison, Men: from chains to the penitentiary, juvenile reformatories between state and charity, prisons on the margins: police camps and criminal insane asylums, and laboratories of criminal anthropology. (Ringgold, Inc., Portland, OR)
Folkmar's studies echoed those of Cesare Lombroso's work in criminal anthropology and anthropometry.
One of them is the highly interdisciplinary Museum of Criminal Anthropology C.
In chapter 3, "'Swarthy, Sun-Tanned, Villainous Looking Fellows': Tarzan of the Apes and Criminal Anthropology," Abate situates Edgar Rice Burroughs's Tarzan of the Apes (1912/1914) within the context of criminal anthropology as she explores issues in the novel such as who kills, what motivates them to do so, and what is gained by engaging in brutal violence (94).
In chapter 3, "'Swarthy, Sun-Tanned, Villainous Looking Fellows': Tarzan of the Apes and Criminal Anthropology," Abate situates Tarzan's prowess as a killer of humans and animals alike within Cesare Lombroso's Criminal Man and the emerging field of criminal anthropology.
Projected and enacted since the end of the 18th century as techniques of human body measurement functional to criminal anthropology's prediction of crimes and criminal attitudes, they have been endorsed massively after 9/11 in their complete new biometric articulations (that include iris-scan, facial-recognition, fingerprints, brain fingerprints, gait signature, and even facial expressions transmuted in schematised templates and stored in biometric databases) by the US, Europe, Canada and Australia's governments.
The author defines and classifies criminology as part of the group of subjects which study the causes, among which : criminal anthropology, criminal psychology, criminal sociology, criminal statistics and demography.
According to Frigessi (2003), political racism also exploited criminal anthropology in the area of crime, since Lombroso interpreted physical and mental degeneration as a sign of inborn criminality, thus justifying sterilization, capital punishment, or some other form of killing (Frigessi, 382-383), or anything else that might justify forms of prevention, incapacitation, and negative eugenics.
(2) In yet another case the "psychiatrist Lev Isaevich Sheinis" is cited as exemplifying a Russian "theoretical response to attacks on criminal anthropology" (108).
In the United States, then, criminal anthropology fell on fertile ground.
If modern criminal anthropology, developed after Cesare Lombroso's shifting of the criminal in the 1870s, had needed the encouragement of a precursor, this might have been it.
Scrutiny of the criminal in Russia began in earnest under the rising influence in Europe of criminal anthropology. Pioneered by the Italian psychiatrist Cesare Lombroso, criminal anthropology argued that the proper object of criminological investigation should be the criminal not the crime.