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She said Iodine deficiency primarily affects the developing brain and leads to cretinism and other physical and mental impairments.
Although this amount is sufficient in preventing mental retardation, hypothyroidism, goiter, and cretinism in the majority of the population, it does not account for whole-body iodine usage.
The whole problem of goiter or myxoedema, of cretinism and exophthalmia, seemed to resolve itself into a question of the presence or absence of a few pinches of iodine in our thyroids.
The spectrum of these disorders includes endemic goitre, hypothyroidism, endemic cretinism, and other congenital anomalies (2).
1999), and iodine deficiency-related hypothyroidism is a known cause of cretinism, the leading preventable cause of mental retardation worldwide (Dunn 1993).
Medical textbooks discuss inorganic, non-radioactive iodine only in relation to the most severe deficiencies of this essential element: cretinism, hypothyroidism, and endemic goiter.
Congenital hypothyroidism, previously known as cretinism, is characterized by dwarfism and mental retardation.
A large proportion of people with severe iodine deficiency are women of reproductive age, who are at a higher risk of pregnancy-related problems, including abortion, stillbirth, low-birthweight infants, brain damage or cretinism in infants even before birth, and lower chance of survival.
5) However, the US RDA and WHO recommendations were not based on whole-body sufficiency for iodine, but on the minimum amounts of iodine required to prevent goiter and cretinism.
Severe hypothyroidism due to iodine deficiency during pregnancy is a preventable cause of cretinism, a permanent cognitive impairment of the developing fetus (Glinoer 2000).
2) In that book, goiter and cretinism were the only two aspects of iodine deficiency discussed.
These women are at a higher risk of pregnancy-related problems, including abortion, stillbirth, low-birth-weight infants, brain damage or cretinism in infants even before birth, and lower chance of survival (2).