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a phenol from coal or wood tar; a mixture of isomeric cresol from coal tar or petroleum is used as a disinfectant and in making synthetic resins. Acute poisoning may result in rapid circulatory collapse; chronic poisoning may produce gastrointestinal symptoms, vertigo, skin rashes, jaundice, and uremia.
A mixture of the three isomeric methyl phenols, o-, m-, and p-cresol, obtained from coal tar. Its properties are similar to those of phenol, but it is less poisonous; used as an antiseptic and disinfectant.
cresol/cre·sol/ (kre´sol) a toxic, corrosive liquid with disinfectant and antiseptic actions, obtained from coal tar as a mixture of three isomeric forms and containing not more than 5 per cent phenol; used for sterilizing items.
a mixture of three isomers of an organic acid in a liquid with a phenolic odor. It is derived from coal tar and used in synthetic resins and disinfectants. Cresol is a potentially lethal protoplasmic poison that can be absorbed through the skin. Symptoms of chronic poisoning include skin eruptions, digestive disorders, uremia, jaundice, nervous disorders, vertigo, and mental changes. Acute poisoning by oral intake of 8 g or more can cause circulatory collapse and death. See also phenol poisoning.