potassium bitartrate

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potassium

 (K) [po-tas´e-um]
a chemical element, atomic number 19, atomic weight 39.102. (See Appendix 6.) In combination with other minerals in the body, potassium forms alkaline salts that are important in body processes and play an essential role in maintenance of the acid-base and water balance in the body. All body cells, especially muscle tissue, require a high content of potassium. A proper balance between sodium, calcium, and potassium in the blood plasma is necessary for proper cardiac function.

Since most foods contain a good supply of potassium, potassium deficiency (hypokalemia) is unlikely to be caused by an unbalanced diet. Possible causes include cushing's syndrome (due to an adrenal gland disorder) and fanconi's syndrome (the result of a congenital kidney defect). The cause could also be an excessive dose of cortisone, prolonged vomiting or diarrhea, or thiazide diuretics, which are administered for treatment of hypertension. Signs of potassium deficiency can include weakness and lethargy, rapid pulse, nausea, diarrhea, and tingling sensations.

If the body absorbs enough potassium but the element is not distributed properly, various disorders may develop. Thus an abnormally low content of potassium in the blood may result in an intermittent temporary paralysis of the muscles, known as familial periodic paralysis.

Potassium deficiency can be treated by administration of potassium supplements. There is a large variety of these preparations. Some are liquids, some are powders to be dissolved in liquids, and some are slow-release tablets that dissolve in the intestine. All can cause gastrointestinal irritation. For many persons on diuretic therapy for hypertension, potassium deficiency can be avoided by increasing their consumption of potassium-containing foods, such as bananas, dates, prunes, and raisins, and potassium supplements are not needed. Potassium supplements are never given to patients receiving potassium-sparing diuretics such as amiloride, spironolactone, or triamterene. If the difficulty lies in the body's use of potassium, treatment is concerned with the primary cause of the deficiency.
Homeostatic balance of potassium. Through the functions of resorption and excretion, the kidneys are the best regulator of potassium balance in the extracellular fluids. From Malarkey and McMorrow, 2000.
potassium acetate an electrolyte replenisher and systemic and urinary alkalizer.
potassium bicarbonate an electrolyte replenisher, antacid, and urinary alkalizer.
potassium bitartrate a compound administered rectally as a suppository with sodium bicarbonate to produce carbon dioxide, which promotes defecation by distending the rectal ampulla; administered for relief of constipation, and evacuation of the colon before surgical or diagnostic procedures or childbirth.
potassium chloride a compound used orally or intravenously as an electrolyte replenisher.
potassium citrate a systemic and urinary alkalizer, electrolyte replenisher, and diuretic.
dibasic potassium phosphate the dipotassium salt, K2HPO4; used alone or in combination with other phosphate compounds as an electrolyte replenisher.
potassium gluconate an electrolyte replenisher used in the prophylaxis and treatment of hypokalemia.
potassium guaiacolsulfonate an expectorant.
potassium iodide an expectorant, antithyroid agent, and antifungal.
monobasic potassium phosphate the monopotassium salt, KH2PO4; used as a buffering agent in pharmaceutical preparations and, alone or in combination with other phosphate compounds, as an electrolyte replenisher and urinary acidifier and for prevention of kidney stones.
potassium permanganate a topical antiinfective and oxidizing agent, and an antidote for many poisons.
potassium phosphate a compound combining potassium and phosphoric acid, usually dibasic potassium phosphate.
potassium sodium tartrate a compound used as a saline cathartic.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

po·tas·si·um bi·tar·trate

a diuretic and laxative.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

po·tas·si·um bi·tar·trate

(pŏ-tasē-ŭm bī-tahrtrāt)
A diuretic and laxative.
Synonym(s): cream of tartar, potassium acid tartrate.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
1 Combine 30 milliliters (2 tablespoons) of cream of tartar with 15 ml (1 Tbsp) of baking soda in a small bowl.
Add a small amount of an acid, such as lemon juice or cream of tartar (powdered potassium hydrogen tartrate), to egg whites that have been beaten until thick and foamy.
To make single acting baking powder: 2 parts cream of tartar 1 part baking soda 1 part cornstarch Store in airtight container.
This is a mature Cabernet Sauvignon that is throwing cream of tartar deposits and is 14.5% a.c.
The crystal was grown using cream of tartar and baking soda.
You need: 3 egg whites, about 3/4 cup (about 200 ml) of sugar, 1/8 teaspoon (about 1/2 ml) of cream of tartar (optional), a baking sheet covered with a piece of heavy brown paper
Changing from whole milk to buttermilk in the original cake meant adjusting the leavener from baking powder to baking soda (unlike milk, buttermilk does not need cream of tartar, an acidic ingredient in baking powder, to activate the leavening), and I fiddled with the amount of, well, everything else.
MERINGUE LAYERS: 6 egg whites Pinch salt 1/4 teaspoon cream of tartar 3 tablespoons sugar 1 tablespoon pure vanilla Preheat oven to 250 degrees.
With an electric whisk, beat the egg whites for a couple of minutes until frothy, then stir in the salt, cream of tartar, lemon zest and juice and vanilla extract.
In a separate bowl, beat egg whites and cream of tartar until soft peaks form.
6 large eggs at room temperature; 460g of almond-and-sugar powder (equal quantities of ground almonds and icing sugar mixed); 1 tsp of lemon oil or the zest of 1 large lemon grated finely; 70g plain flour; 6 large egg whites at room temperature; a pinch of cream of tartar; 70g caster sugar; 40g unsalted butter, melted and cooled.
Brendan Lynch'S ELIZABETH SPONGE Serves: 16 INGREDIENTS Sponge 6 large eggs at room temperature 460g of almondand-sugar powder (equal quantities of ground almonds and icing sugar mixed) 1 tsp of lemon oil or the zest of 1 large lemon grated finely 70g plain flour 6 large egg whites at room temperature A pinch of cream of tartar 70g caster sugar 40g unsalted butter, melted and cooled Cream filling 600ml/g of double cream 280g full fat soft cheese 120g icing sugar 1 tsp rosewater, or more, to taste Decoration 450g - 500g fresh raspberries 3/4 of a 454g pot of seedless raspberry jam.