cranium


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cranium

 [kra´ne-um] (pl. cra´nia) (L.)
the large round superior part of the skull, enclosing the brain and made up of the cranial bones.
cranium bi´fidum incomplete formation of the skull, with defective formation of the brain and often an encephalocele or meningocele. Called also cranioschisis.

cra·ni·um

, pl.

cra·ni·a

(krā'nē-ŭm, -ă), [TA]
The bones of the head collectively. The neurocranium is the part of cranium that forms the bony brain case containing the brain, excluding the bones of the face (viscerocranium).
Synonym(s): skull
[Mediev. L. fr. G. kranion]

cranium

(krā′nē-əm)
n. pl. cra·niums or cra·nia (-nē-ə)
1. The skull.
2. The portion of the skull enclosing the brain; the braincase.

cra·ni·um

, pl. crania (krā'nē-ŭm, -ă) [TA]
The skeleton of the head; there are two parts: the neurocranium (brain box) and the viscerocranium (facial skeleton).
See: skull
[Mediev. L. fr. G. kranion]

cranium

The skeleton of the head without the jaw bone.

cranium

the skull of vertebrates.

cra·ni·um

, pl. crania (krā'nē-ŭm, -ă) [TA]
The bones of the head collectively.
Synonym(s): skull.
[Mediev. L. fr. G. kranion ]
References in periodicals archive ?
This dating shows the cranium belongs to the species Australopithecus anamesis, ancestor of Australopithecus afarensis -a species that belongs to Lucy- and both species were contemporary, at least for 100,000 years.
The 3.8 million-year-old fossil cranium represents a time interval between 4.1 and 3.6 million years ago, when A.
For traditional morphometrics, we measured 23 skull traits (18 of cranium and 5 of the jaw, Appendix II) for S.
Landmarks were digitized on standardized pictures of the dorsal, lateral and ventral views of the cranium, and latera view of the mandibles (Fig.
In such cases, the dura, which is a thick skin under the cranium, is used to cover the internal parts of the brain.
"This large portion of spongy bone, also found in our own cranium, may indicate that blood flow in the brain of Australopithecus may have been comparable to us, and/or that the braincase had an important role in the protection of the evolving brain," Amelie Beaudet, the lead author of the study, said in a (https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-06/uotw-coa062518.php) statement.
Since 1989, Cranium Agency (a brand communications agency) has helped clients from early stage to Fortune 500 create, maintain and evolve their brands.
The manipulation of elements of the human cranium and mandible--or, in some cases, the cranium alone (1)--has implications for the reconstruction of social structure and a range of funerary practices linked to ritual and social interactions in the past.
Roadkill on his cranium. But nothing lands" Tina Brown, journalist and author of The Diana Chronicles, on Donald Trump "The architecture is beginning to peel away" International Trade Secretary Liam Fox on the prospects for the European Union "My kids haven't watched anything I have been in apart from adverts.
Computed tomography scan of the head and neck regions revealed 2 full-thickness skull-bone defects within the caudal portion of the cranium. The cerebellum appeared to be ventrally compressed by a homogeneous, triangular, fluid-attenuating region (0-10 Hounsfield units).
The early fossil skulls put on exhibit are as follows: jaw D2600, found in 2000, which is unusually large with the teeth worn down to the roots; skull D2700 with associated jaw D2735, both found in 2001, which is a young adult with partially erupted molars (wisdom teeth); toothless skull D3444, found in 2002, and its associated mandible D3900, found in 2004, which is probably an adult female; and skull D4500, found in 2005, with jaw D2600, which is the most well-preserved cranium from that time period in the world.
A skull known as Cranium 17 belonged to an otherwise healthy young adult who died from wounds that left two gaping forehead holes, says Nohemi Sala, a paleontologist at Centro Mixto UCM-ISCIII de Evolucion y Comportamiento Humanos in Madrid.