cranium


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cranium

 [kra´ne-um] (pl. cra´nia) (L.)
the large round superior part of the skull, enclosing the brain and made up of the cranial bones.
cranium bi´fidum incomplete formation of the skull, with defective formation of the brain and often an encephalocele or meningocele. Called also cranioschisis.

cra·ni·um

, pl.

cra·ni·a

(krā'nē-ŭm, -ă), [TA]
The bones of the head collectively. The neurocranium is the part of cranium that forms the bony brain case containing the brain, excluding the bones of the face (viscerocranium).
Synonym(s): skull
[Mediev. L. fr. G. kranion]

cranium

/cra·ni·um/ (kra´ne-um) pl. cra´nia   [L.] the skeleton of the head, variously construed as including all of the bones of the head except the mandible, or as the eight bones forming the vault lodging the brain.cranial
cranium bi´fidum  a congenitally incomplete skull, often with an incomplete brain.

cranium

(krā′nē-əm)
n. pl. cra·niums or cra·nia (-nē-ə)
1. The skull.
2. The portion of the skull enclosing the brain; the braincase.

cranium

[krā′nē·əm]
Etymology: Gk, kranion, skull
the bony portion of skull that holds the brain. It is composed of eight bones: the frontal, occipital, sphenoid, ethmoid, and paired temporal and parietal bones. cranial, adj.

cra·ni·um

, pl. crania (krā'nē-ŭm, -ă) [TA]
The skeleton of the head; there are two parts: the neurocranium (brain box) and the viscerocranium (facial skeleton).
See: skull
[Mediev. L. fr. G. kranion]

cranium

The skeleton of the head without the jaw bone.

cranium

the skull of vertebrates.

cra·ni·um

, pl. crania (krā'nē-ŭm, -ă) [TA]
The bones of the head collectively.
Synonym(s): skull.
[Mediev. L. fr. G. kranion ]

cranium,

n the skull that covers and protects the brain.

cranium

pl. crania [L.] the skeleton of the head, variously construed as including all of the bones of the head, all except the mandible, or the eight bones forming the vault lodging the brain. See also head, skull, cranial.

inherited cranium bifidum
a defect in the closure of the bones of the cranial vault causes exposure of the brain. Meningocele or encephalocele may be present. Affected animals do not survive. Called also cranioschisis.
References in periodicals archive ?
This intervention left the hyoid and ossified thyroid cartilage, which are linked by soft tissue, ligaments, and tendons, to the mandible in the grave in correct anatomical position, evidence which substantiates that the cranium and mandible were originally present in the grave when the body was initially interred.
When found in 1993, the site was defined by a thin surface scatter of artifacts clearly linked to the 1845 Franklin expedition, a small number of human skeletal remains, and a partially buried cranium (Ranford, 1994; MacDonald, 1996:4-5).
Over the past ten years, he's held creative roles at Microsoft, Cranium, and AT&T, focused on the youth segment.
Richard said he signed the "perfect" deal with Hasbro for Cranium Inc, and is reported to be receiving tens of millions.
1A), on the mouthparts, ventrally at the union of the cranium and prothorax, and on the seventh abdominal segment.
With Cranium Whoonu, you'll find out how little you know about the people you know best.
Partial multiphase skeletal scintigraphy and single-photon emission CT of the cranium showed increased bone metabolism in the area of the right frontal bone, starting in the ethmoid cells in the roof of the orbit and extending slightly to the left (figure 2).
The burn covered mostly the frontal regions of the cranium, according to a press report.
One of many wild cards in all this - but the one that looks to inspire the most snide commentary - is neurotic first lady Martha (Jean Smart), whose cranium seems to serve merely as a collection basket for blinkered conspiracy theories.
The author states: "I can report that during my most recent count of relic bits and pieces of John, I did come up with the figure of some nineteen heads (or parts of heads, notably cranium fragments, jawbones, and teeth) and something in the order of fifteen hands or arms (including fingers).
Continuing with their theme that everybody deserves a chance to shine, Cranium has added The Family Fun Game ($19.
There are a few exceptions: a partial one is Swanscombe, where a third piece of cranium was found in 1955 that amazingly joined the other two, conjoining pieces found at the same locality in 1935 and 1936; even so, all three can be counted as part of just one skeletal element.