Current treatment options for ETMR include surgical resection systemic chemotherapy and craniospinal
radiation (when appropriate).
ALL patients with the initial WBC<100 x109/L, patients of T-ALL with WBC<50 x109 /L, patients with Ph+ ALL and patients with CNS leukemia at diagnosis were received craniospinal
Ten percent had "unequivocal IIH according to current criteria." The mean craniospinal
fluid pressure for the group was high normal (19 cm H20).
Spinal CSF venous fistula: A treatable etiology for CSF leaks in craniospinal
Since her diagnosis, Ava has undergone five major brain surgeries, five gruelling and debilitating cycles of chemotherapy, followed by high-dose chemotherapy, and a stem cell transplant, as well as six weeks of specialist craniospinal
Kim, Joo-Young (2014): "Proton beam therapy reduces the incidence of acute haematological and gastrointestinal toxicities associated with craniospinal
irradiation in pediatric brain tumors".
The impact of maternal obesity on midtrimester sonographic visualization of fetal cardiac and craniospinal
The role of the craniocervical junction in craniospinal
hydrodynamics and neurodegenerative conditions.
Advancements in medicine has increased the survival rate of children with ALL but treatment components entail neurotoxic effects (corticosteroids, antifolates, craniospinal
irradiation) depleting cognitive resources.1 Several structural brain abnormalities have been observed in survivors of childhood ALL, for instance reduced volumes in cerebral white matter are associated with deteriorated neurocognitive functioning.2
The designation WHO grade IV is assigned to cytologically malignant, mitotically active, necrosis-prone neoplasms which may show widespread infiltration of surrounding tissue and a propensity for craniospinal
PCV (Procarbazine, CCNU, and Vincristine) chemotherapy and radiation therapy of the craniospinal
axis were planned.