Contraindications to cranioplasty
include the presence of hydrocephalus, cerebral swelling, infection, a compound wound, contiguous functional paranasal sinuses (as indicated by air in a sinus on x-ray), and thin, scarred, or devitalized scalp.
Between July 5, 2002, and July 29, 2003, we performed reconstructive cranioplasty
with hydroxyapatite cement and a pericranial/deep temporal fascia graft on 7 men and 3 women, aged 27 to 65 years (mean: 54.3).
The parents of the infant have been explained about the need of cranioplasty
by the age of 5 years and esthetic hair restoration procedures in later years.
And in September last year, she had cranioplasty
, a surgery to rebuild her skull using a metal plate.
The youth underwent a series of complicated surgeries, including a cranioplasty
- a surgical repair of a defect or deformity of a skull - treatment for fractures, and several other treatments.
The postoperative midline occipital defect was repaired with cranioplasty
. He has met all developmental milestones with no residual neurological deficits.
Patients who survive a craniectomy will undergo a second surgery at a later time called a cranioplasty
to repair the skull.
Saving the patient's own bone and replacing it at a later stage as an autologous cranioplasty
is the preferred method.
In cases wherein cranial defects occur after neurological surgery, cranioplasty
is performed for the conservation of the brain parenchyma and for aesthetic reasons (1, 2).
In the pediatric age, postoperative skull defects frequently require cranioplasty
. Allografts or autologous grafts may be used for cranioplasty
, although autologous bone graft should be the first option in pediatric age.