craniectomy


Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

craniectomy

 [kra″ne-ek´to-me]
excision of a segment of the skull.

cra·ni·ec·to·my

(krā'nē-ek'tō-mē),
Excision of a portion of the skull, without replacement of the bone (for example, subtemporal or suboccipital).
[G. kranion, skull, + ektomē, excision]

craniectomy

(krā′nē-ĕk′tə-mē)
n. pl. craniecto·mies
Surgical removal of a portion of the cranium.

craniectomy

[krā′nē·ek′təmē]
Etymology: Gk, kranion, cranium, ektomē, excision
the surgical removal of a portion of the cranium.

craniectomy

Neurosurgery The surgical excision of bone to access the brain. See Metal plate in the head.

cra·ni·ec·to·my

(krā'nē-ek'tŏ-mē)
Excision of a portion of the skull.
[G. kranion, skull, + ektomē, excision]

craniectomy (krā·nē·ekˑ·t·mē),

n removal of a section of the skull by surgical means.

craniectomy

excision of a segment of the skull.

suboccipital craniectomy
the surgical approach is to the caudal cerebellum.
References in periodicals archive ?
Decompressive craniectomy and expansive duraplasty with evacuation of hypertensive intracerebral hematoma, a randomized controlled trial.
Surgical management in 125 children (83%) involved craniotomy (105) and craniectomy (20), while the other 25 children were managed conservatively.
Key words: cerebral cyst, computed tomography, craniectomy, avian, crested pekin duck.
Caption: Figure 4: Follow-up CT images showed recurrent tumor herniating through the craniectomy defect.
Objective: To evaluate the outcomes of decompressive craniectomy (DC) in adults with severe traumatic brain injury (STBI).
Wide right fronto-orbital craniectomy en-bloc with right frontal sinus, lateral orbital wall and zygomatic bone partially was performed, also at 2 cm from tumor margins on CT-scan (Figure 5).
A repeat head CT exhibited evidence of impending herniation and worsening edema that prompted neurosurgery to perform a decompressive craniectomy.
Honeybul S, O'Hanlon S, Ho KM (2011) Decompressive craniectomy for severe head injury: does an outcome prediction model influence clinical decision-making?
The unusual procedure Jahfari had at Southampton Children's Hospital is described as a bi-frontal decompressive craniectomy and insertion of bone flap into anterior abdominal wall.
However, in this case series, all participants had intracranial pressure monitoring and two underwent neurosurgical procedures that included a craniectomy and a craniotomy.
Sahuquillo J, Arikan F: Descompressive craniectomy for the treatment of refractory high intracranial pressure in traumatic brain injury.