cranial

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cranial

 [kra´ne-al]
pertaining to the cranium or to the head end of the body; in humans, a synonym of superior.
cranial nerves nerves that are attached to the brain and pass through the openings of the skull; see anatomic Table of Nerves in the Appendices. There are 12 pairs of cranial nerves, symmetrically arranged so that they are distributed mainly to the structures of the head and neck. The one exception is the vagus nerve, which extends down to serve structures in the chest and abdomen. Some of the cranial nerves are both sensory and motor (controlling motion as well as conducting sensory impulses), while others are either only sensory or only motor.

cra·ni·al

(krā'nē-ăl),
1. Relating to the cranium or head.
See also: cephalad. Synonym(s): cranialis [TA], cephalic
2. Synonym(s): superior (1)

cranial

/cra·ni·al/ (-al)
1. pertaining to the cranium.
2. toward the head end of the body; a synonym of superior in humans and other bipeds.

cranial

(krā′nē-əl)
adj.
Of or relating to the skull or cranium.

cra′ni·al·ly adv.

cranial

See cranium.

cra·ni·al

(krā'nē-ăl)
1. Relating to the cranium or head.
Synonym(s): cephalic.
2. Synonym(s): superior (2) . See also: cephalad

cranial (krāˑ·nē·l),

adj positioned over or toward the cranium. Also called
superior or
cephalic.

cra·ni·al

(krā'nē-ăl)
Relating to the cranium or head.
See also: cephalad
Synonym(s): cephalic.

cranial

pertaining to the cranium or to the head end of the body. See also anterior, cranium.

cranial intestinal portal
the entrance into the embryonic foregut from the expanded midgut.
cranial nerve reflexes
see specific nerves.
cranial nerves
nerves which are attached to the brain and pass through the openings of the skull. There are 12 pairs of cranial nerves, symmetrically arranged so that they are distributed mainly to the structures of the head and neck. See also specific nerves and Table 14.
cranial tibial reflex
percussing just below the lateral tibial condyle (cranial tibial muscle) normally causes a slight flexion of the tibiotarsal joint. A test of the integrity of spinal cord segments L6 to S2, sciatic and peroneal nerves. Exaggerated in spinal cord lesions above L6.
cranial tumor
see brain tumors.
cranial vena cava
see Table 15.

Patient discussion about cranial

Q. I need help with a delicate topic. My neice was diagnoised with Cranial Transannular Where he forehead was once as normal, now it has a forming point in the center to make it look as though her skull is shrinking inward. Please anyone help with any information you may have

A. your question troubled me... from what i know of bone development - what you say can very much happen but i never heard of a case like that.and i looked a bit about maybe some information about it, but i'm pretty sure that the name you gave is not the disease that she has, it's just a description. Cranial means skull, Trans means cross over and Annular means ring. but if you'll find the right name, or if it is really the real name, here is a bit of places you might find information-

http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec05.html

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/bonediseases.html

Q. Is there any problem, if an arachnoid cyst ,2cmx1.5cm size, rostral to cerebellar region left untreated? symptoms: repeated headaches, twitching of muscles, tiredness

A. An arachnoid cyst that leads to symptoms usually needs treatment. Mild symptoms as you suggested are ok to left untreated however gradual onset of new symptoms may arise such as seizures, paralysis and other complications, therefore once symptoms occur one should consider treatment.

More discussions about cranial
References in periodicals archive ?
Right adrenal was more cranially positioned than left adrenal; dimensions of right adrenal was larger than left adrenal for both male and female; when compared male and female body and adrenal measurements no differences were found; the morphology of cells and different amounts of lipid droplets may be related to the different demands of steroid hormones production, related to each zone of the adrenal cortex; and, the cytochrome P450c17 immunolocalization in fasciculate and reticular zone may be related with synthesis of 17-hydroxy-pregnenolone, 17-hydroxy-progesterone, dehydroepiandrosterone or androstenedione.
Unenhanced computerized tomography (CT) of the abdomen showed left-to-right crossed renal ectopia and a 5 mm stone in the proximal ureter of the kidney located cranially (Figure 1).
Cranially, a pair of prominent, dark brown oral hooks, connected to the internal cephalopharyngeal skeleton, as well as defined antennal lobes, measuring about 18 x 22 [micro]m could be noticed.
Decreased IAP might contribute to diaphragm descent-related mediastinal traction, while increased IAP may push the diaphragm superiorly, raise pleural pressure, and displaced the trachea cranially.
With the bevel of the needle directed cranially, a 3 ml dose of the study solution was administered and then a catheter inserted through the needle 3 - 5 cm into the epidural space.
Boundaries of dissection template comprise the genitofemoral nerve laterally, the internal iliac artery medially, Cooper ligament caudally, and the crossing of the ureter at the common iliac artery cranially.
The high scrotal approach as described by Eltayeb (2014) involves a single high scrotal incision, dissection of the sub-dartos pouch, and then extension of that dissection cranially to the entrance of the external ring.
As the inferior epigastric vessels course cranially, the distance from the midline decreases.
When selecting the stent size, the stent length should exceed the measured obstruction cranially and caudally by 1 cm each way, while the stent diameter should be adapted to the SVC in its unobstructed state.
In December 2011 (warm season of the year), on a small farm with Holstein dairy cattle, located in Alegria, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, the owner asked for veterinarian assistance because of the presence of skin lesions (Figure 1A, B) located cranially to the udder of nine lactating cows in a total of 13 animals of the same category.