cranial

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cranial

 [kra´ne-al]
pertaining to the cranium or to the head end of the body; in humans, a synonym of superior.
cranial nerves nerves that are attached to the brain and pass through the openings of the skull; see anatomic Table of Nerves in the Appendices. There are 12 pairs of cranial nerves, symmetrically arranged so that they are distributed mainly to the structures of the head and neck. The one exception is the vagus nerve, which extends down to serve structures in the chest and abdomen. Some of the cranial nerves are both sensory and motor (controlling motion as well as conducting sensory impulses), while others are either only sensory or only motor.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

cra·ni·al

(krā'nē-ăl),
1. Relating to the cranium or head.
See also: cephalad. Synonym(s): cranialis [TA], cephalic
2. Synonym(s): superior (1)
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

cranial

(krā′nē-əl)
adj.
Of or relating to the skull or cranium.

cra′ni·al·ly adv.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

cra·ni·al

(krā'nē-ăl)
1. Relating to the cranium or head.
Synonym(s): cephalic.
2. Synonym(s): superior (2) . See also: cephalad
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

cra·ni·al

(krā'nē-ăl)
Relating to the cranium or head.
See also: cephalad
Synonym(s): cephalic.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about cranial

Q. I need help with a delicate topic. My neice was diagnoised with Cranial Transannular Where he forehead was once as normal, now it has a forming point in the center to make it look as though her skull is shrinking inward. Please anyone help with any information you may have

A. your question troubled me... from what i know of bone development - what you say can very much happen but i never heard of a case like that.and i looked a bit about maybe some information about it, but i'm pretty sure that the name you gave is not the disease that she has, it's just a description. Cranial means skull, Trans means cross over and Annular means ring. but if you'll find the right name, or if it is really the real name, here is a bit of places you might find information-

http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec05.html

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/bonediseases.html

Q. Is there any problem, if an arachnoid cyst ,2cmx1.5cm size, rostral to cerebellar region left untreated? symptoms: repeated headaches, twitching of muscles, tiredness

A. An arachnoid cyst that leads to symptoms usually needs treatment. Mild symptoms as you suggested are ok to left untreated however gradual onset of new symptoms may arise such as seizures, paralysis and other complications, therefore once symptoms occur one should consider treatment.

More discussions about cranial
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References in periodicals archive ?
If the formation of NI3 and its emanation is analyzed through interpreted pathways, the quantity of nerve fibers remains unchanged even after undergoing the events of splits and fusions up to the formation of CF59" in A8 14 for a distance of 0.6065 cm from point of emergence of NI3 cranially and are discernible and identifiable.
The ileal side-to-side reanastomosis was performed cranially to the ileal conduit using 80-mm stapler and 4-0 Vicryl was used for the closure of the mesenteric defect to prevent internal hernia.
A cadaver model demonstrated that when 20 ml of fluid was performed at T7 transverse process, the fluid spreads to the level of the C 7-T 2 vertebra levels cranially and L2-3 vertebra levels caudally [7].
Grade 5 supralevator and translevator disease may have tracts extending cranially in the intersphincteric plane above the levator ani muscle and then piercing downward through the ischioanal fossa referred to as suprasphincteric fistulas or could be extrasphincteric as a result of extensions of pelvic disease.
By dissecting the main trunk of the facial nerve and retracting cranially, a large drilling space could be achieved.
The pyramidal lobe usually has a short extension containing functional tissue that becomes a fibrotic cord as it extends cranially. It is typically divided at a reasonable length along its tract.
An epidural catheter was then inserted via the Tuohy needle and advanced cranially in the epidural space for 2 cm.
The movements of the ocular bulb are completely blocked cranially and laterally.
During surgery, the abdomen was opened in a transperitoneal way via a left subcostal incision; entering through the bursa omentalis, the pancreas was deviated cranially and a 4.5 cm mass that was immobile, stiff, and adherent to the surrounding tissue was completely excised, including part of the adrenal gland.
The images show considerable and diffuse inflammatory changes along the fasciae of all muscles of the right lower thigh (arrows) and surrounding the cortical bone of the distal femur (dotted arrow), and severe inflammatory changes surrounding the vessels of the popliteal fossa and subcutaneously at the knee level extending cranially along the lateral side of the thigh (circle).
A small portion of the gallbladder infundibulum was identified in a cleft on the underside of the liver once it was rotated right to left and cranially. The cleft was extended to the edge of the liver and down to the gallbladder with a recently introduced microwave ablation technology for hepatic parenchymal pretransection coagulation, to expose the gallbladder, which was then separated from the surrounding liver parenchyma (Figure 5).
We observed that the PPC extends from the level of the neural foramen of vertebra L4 cranially to the neural foramen of S1 caudally.