Cranial electrotherapy stimulation was also shown to significantly decrease insomnia and depression (Table 2).
The effect of cranial electrotherapy stimulation on preoperative anxiety and hemodynamic responses.
"The use of microcurrent electrical therapy and cranial electrotherapy stimulation in pain control." Clin Pract Alter Med, 2001; 2:99-102.
"Treatment of fibromyalgia with cranial electrotherapy stimulation." The Original Internist, 2001; 8(3):15-17.
Felipe Fregni, a top neuroscientist at Harvard Medical School, published a recent (2009) article comparing alternative current (AC) and direct current (DC) forms of Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation
in a paper entitled "Noninvasive brain stimulation with low-intensity electrical currents, putative mechanisms of action to direct and alternating current stimulation," which you can download and read at the Fisher Wallace website, www.fisherwallace.com.
Cranial electrotherapy stimulation was first called electrosleep because it was thought to induce sleep.
Cranial electrotherapy stimulation is believed to stimulate the production of endorphins.
Efficacy of cranial electrotherapy stimulation, as described herein and documented in over 126 clinical studies, appears to have many applications worthy of immediate widespread application.
Cranial electrotherapy stimulation in the treatment of anxiety disorders: statistical considerations - Part 2.
Cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) is a noninvasive technique used for treating various conditions.
Abbreviations: ASIA = American Spinal Injury Association, BPI = Brief Pain Inventory, CES = cranial electrotherapy stimulation, MEDVAMC = Michael E.
By 1978, research had convinced the FDA that "electrosleep" was a misnomer and they changed the device classification to "cranial electrotherapy stimulation
" which remains in effect today.