cranial electrotherapy stimulation


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A technique in which electrodes are placed on or near the ears to pass low level—less than that used in electroshock therapy—electricity through the brain; the person is awake and alert; CES can relieve anxiety for limited periods, through an unknown mechanism, and is an adjunct to anxiolytics and/or psychotherapy
Side effects Headache, lightheadedness, skin irritation Contraindications History of epilepsy or seizures
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

cranial electrotherapy stimulation

NET, neuroelectric therapy, TCET,
transcranial electrotherapy Psychiatry A maneuver in which electrodes are placed on or near the ears to pass low level–less than that used in electroshock therapy–electricity through the brain; the person is awake and alert; CES can relieve anxiety for limited periods, though an unknown mechanism, and is an adjunct to anxiolytics and/or psychotherapy Side effects Headache, lightheadedness, skin irritation Contraindications Hx of epilepsy or seizures. Cf Electroconvulsive therapy.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cranial electrotherapy stimulation was also shown to significantly decrease insomnia and depression (Table 2).
The effect of cranial electrotherapy stimulation on preoperative anxiety and hemodynamic responses.
"The use of microcurrent electrical therapy and cranial electrotherapy stimulation in pain control." Clin Pract Alter Med, 2001; 2:99-102.
"Treatment of fibromyalgia with cranial electrotherapy stimulation." The Original Internist, 2001; 8(3):15-17.
Felipe Fregni, a top neuroscientist at Harvard Medical School, published a recent (2009) article comparing alternative current (AC) and direct current (DC) forms of Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation in a paper entitled "Noninvasive brain stimulation with low-intensity electrical currents, putative mechanisms of action to direct and alternating current stimulation," which you can download and read at the Fisher Wallace website, www.fisherwallace.com.
Cranial electrotherapy stimulation was first called electrosleep because it was thought to induce sleep.
Cranial electrotherapy stimulation is believed to stimulate the production of endorphins.
Efficacy of cranial electrotherapy stimulation, as described herein and documented in over 126 clinical studies, appears to have many applications worthy of immediate widespread application.
Cranial electrotherapy stimulation in the treatment of anxiety disorders: statistical considerations - Part 2.
Cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) is a noninvasive technique used for treating various conditions.
Abbreviations: ASIA = American Spinal Injury Association, BPI = Brief Pain Inventory, CES = cranial electrotherapy stimulation, MEDVAMC = Michael E.
By 1978, research had convinced the FDA that "electrosleep" was a misnomer and they changed the device classification to "cranial electrotherapy stimulation" which remains in effect today.