The degree of bone removal of the cranial base
is dependent on the pathology, size, and location of the lesions.
Skull base or cranial base
surgery is one of the most complex areas of anatomy.
At Catalhoyuk, evidence for the retention and possible display of some isolated crania or skulls occurs with the observation that many of those that were re-deposited are often weathered, crushed flat, and have lost their single-rooted anterior teeth and portions of the facial skeleton and cranial base
The head position is estimated on the basis of the craniocervical angle, which is formed by the basic anterior cranial base
(NS), and odontoid process tangent (OPT) which passes through the lower end last point on the body of the second cervical vertebra .
The skulls which showed pathological changes and destruction at the cranial base
were excluded from the present study.
Cephalometric parameters used in present study Measurements Definitions SNA ([omicron]) Maxilla position in relation to cranial base
SNB ([omicron]) Mandible position in relation to cranial base
ANB ([omicron]) Anterior-posterior relation of the maxilla and the mandible A-Nperp (mm) Maxilla position in relation to cranial base
Pog-Nperp (mm) Mandible position in relation to cranial base
Co-Gn (mm) Mandible length Co-A (mm) Maxillary length MxMdDiff (mm) Difference between mandible and maxillary length Lafh (mm) Anterior lower facial height (ANS-Me) Faxis ([omicron]) Facial axis (BaN.
When assessed for length of maxilla, mandible and cranial base
, females were observed to have smaller linear measurement in comparison to males.
The second volume is made up of sixty-five selections organized in ten parts focused on brain tumors, intraventricular lesions, pineal region lesions, cranial base
lesions, and several other subject areas.
Expanded en-doscopic endonasal approach for anterior cranial base
and su-prasellar lesions: indications and limitations.
1989 Intentional Cranial Vault Deformation and Induced Changes of the Cranial Base
The illustrations and figures in "Vasculature of the Brain and Cranial Base
, Second Edition," recently published by Thieme, are meant to expand the "vision" of the neurosurgeon in the surgical field and sharpen the perception of the neuroradiologist, neuroendovascular interventionist and neurologist.
The length and angle of the anterior/ posterior cranial base
also showed differences.