cramp

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cramp

 [kramp]
a painful spasmodic muscular contraction.
heat cramp spasm accompanied by pain, weak pulse, and dilated pupils; seen in workers in intense heat.
recumbency c's cramping in the muscles of the lower limbs and feet occurring while resting or during light sleep.
writers' cramp a muscle cramp in the hand caused by excessive use in writing.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

cramp

(kramp),
1. A painful muscle spasm caused by prolonged tetanic contraction.
2. A localized muscle spasm related to occupational use, classified according to the occupation of the sufferer; for example, seamstress's cramp, writer's cramp.
[M.E. crampe, fr. O.Fr., fr. Germanic]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

cramp

(krămp)
n.
1. An involuntary, spasmodic muscle contraction causing severe pain.
2. A temporary partial paralysis of habitually or excessively used muscles.
3. cramps Spasmodic contractions of the uterus, such as those occurring during menstruation or labor, usually causing pain in the abdomen that may radiate to the lower back and thighs.
v. cramped, cramping, cramps
v.tr.
To affect with or as if with a cramp.
v.intr.
To suffer from or experience cramps.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
A painful, involuntary muscle spasm
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

cramp

Medtalk A painful, involuntary muscle spasm. See Heat cramp, Menstrual cramp, Pianist's cramp, Word-processor's cramp, Writer's cramp.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

cramp

(kramp)
1. A painful muscle spasm caused by an involuntary muscular contraction.
2. A localized muscle spasm related to occupational use, qualified according to the occupation of the sufferer (e.g., writer's cramp).
See also: dysmenorrhea
[M.E. crampe, fr. O.Fr., fr. Germanic]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

cramp

Powerful, sustained and painful contraction of a muscle or a group of muscles. The pain persists until the contraction eases off. Cramp may be caused by salt deficiency. The cause of the common night cramps is obscure. See also WRITER'S CRAMP.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

cramp

(kramp)
A painful muscle spasm caused by prolonged tetanic contraction.
[M.E. crampe, fr. O.Fr., fr. Germanic]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about cramp

Q. What are muscle cramps caused from? I am a 30 year old woman and am pregnant. I keep on getting a muscle cramps on the back on my lower leg. It really hurts! What is causing it and how can I prevent it?

A. You can get muscle cramps almost anywhere in your body during pregnancy, but the most common site is your calves. Although the spasms may only last a short time, they can be very severe.
No one knows for certain what causes leg cramps in pregnancy, though there are some theories: Deficiencies in salt, calcium, magnesium and vitamin C or changes in blood circulation.
To prevent it make sure to stretch your muscles before bed and if you do get a cramp, immediately stretch your calf muscles: Straighten your leg, heel first, and gently flex your toes back toward your shins. It might hurt at first, but it will ease the spasm and the pain will gradually go away.

Q. What causes cramps in, under and around the rib cage?

A. Im not really sure, but you may have IBS. Irritable bowel syndrome or IBS affects up to 55 million Americans, mostly women. IBS causes are unknown. IBS symptoms include diarrhea, constipation, and abdominal cramps. There are IBS treatments such as diet and lifestyle changes and medications that can help. Do you have any of these symptoms? Almost everything that i found with rib cage pain said something about IBS. Not really sure if this is your problem, but I hope this helps.

Q. How to prevent leg cramps? Every night I get terrible leg cramps that wake me up from my sleep. This only started happening during my pregnancy. How can I stop it from happening?

A. You can try to prevent night cramps by wearing socks to bed or by pressing your foot against the bed board. If the painful cramps continue, ask your doctor about calcium or magnesium supplements as they can sometimes help.

More discussions about cramp
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References in periodicals archive ?
In the hope that their initial observation might benefit athletes with EAMCs and possibly patients with frequent muscle cramps, MacKinnon and Bean started a company* to further their research and combat cramping. There are now several lines of converging evidence to support the concept they developed that TRP channel activation by common natural compounds can prevent and treat muscle cramps by increasing the inhibitory tone in the spinal cord and thereby reduce lower motoneuron hyperexcitability.
Intradialytic muscle cramping occurred more often in the beta-blocker group than the control group (44.4% vs.
A thorough history will help to identify or rule out possible secondary causes of cramping, such as type 2 diabetes, renal failure, thyroid or neurologic disorders, and PVD.
The physiological basis for this type of muscle cramping may be the spontaneous firing of anterior horn cells, leading to contraction of the motor units.
Participants with venous insufficiency experienced a 40% reduction in the number of cramps, and athletes with frequent cramping experienced a 13% reduction in the number of cramps while on Pycnogenol.
First, understand what causes cramping. Muscle fatigue, salt loss, and dehydration-all three acting together-play a role in muscle cramping.
Now hear this: Tampons do not affect cramping. And anybody who says you have to tighten your pelvic muscles to hold a tampon in is full of it.
Some of these factors, like chilling, do not apply to cramping of the diaphragm, but nerve stimulation may be an important factor.
"Homeopathic quinine, though, is an FDA-approved substance for cramping in the extremities.
The feds' only concession to safety concerns: All olestra products must carry a label notice that warn; of "abdominal cramping" and "loose stools." It also warns that olestra "inhibits the absorption of some vitamins and other nutrients" (see photo).
Too much lactic acid may contribute to cramping or soreness during and after exercise.
* Intense pain comes on suddenly and is usually relieved by standing on and stretching the cramping leg or foot.