Coxiellosis, a zoonotic disease caused by Coxiella burnetii, acts as a major trade barricade and adversely affects the productive and reproductive capabilities of animals.
Coxiellosis, Pakistan, Small ruminants, Government livestock farms, Indirect ELISA.
Coxiellosis is a worldwide zoonosis caused by a Gram-negative, obligate intracellular organism known as Coxiella burnetii.
Evaluation of factors that would initiate or propagate epidemic coxiellosis
in the U.S.
Phylogenetic analysis shows that avian coxiellosis agents and Coxiella burnetii, the agent of Q fever, represent 2 independent events of development of vertebrate pathogenicity in this group of tick endosymbionts.
Key words: splenomegaly, coxiellosis, Coxiella-like endosymbiont, antemortem, avian, blue and gold macaw, Ara ararauna
However, serologic diagnosis of coxiellosis
in animals is complicated.
The differential diagnosis of influenza includes many respiratory viral infections, such as respiratory syncytial virus, parainfluenza virus, adenovirus, and enterovirus, as well as Mycoplasma, Chlamydia, atypical pneumonia caused by one of these agents, streptococcal pharyngitis, and Q fever (coxiellosis
Since the 1960s, Q fever has been recognized as a public health problem in Saudi Arabia, and studies have shown that coxiellosis
occurs in livestock (2,3).
Q lever and coxiellosis
. In: Beran G, Steele J, editors.
burnetii [ILLEGIBLE TEXT] which transmit the agent to wild animals (causing wildlife coxiellosis) or to [ILLEGIBLE TEXT] animals (creating the livestock reservoir of C.
burnetii by [ILLEGIBLE TEXT] animals and raw materials and the possibility of coxiellosis outbreaks among [ILLEGIBLE TEXT] animals and consequently Q fever in humans.