In all the complexity of the relationship and the transference and countertransference
dynamics, the analyst is challenged with a "spiritual positioning" that requires balancing reality and illusion (p.
Understanding one's personal biases, prejudices, and stereotypes will support a more accurate and objective interpretation of racial dynamics in treatment and minimize potentially harmful cultural countertransference
The psychoanalytic concepts of transference, countertransference
and projective identification reveal an aspect of the intrapsychic "intersubjectivity" concept, formulated by Coelho Jr.
This deepened understanding has been established by the interviewer's countertransference
experienced during the different interviews.
* Use validation, promote mentalization, and manage countertransference
to help patients with PDs.
Whether the focus centred on narcissism or a faulty Oedipal developmental issue, where the repressed emotional desires had transgressed into the fear of homosexuality, the authors captured the patient's sadomasochistic unconscious fantasies and the different representations of therapeutic countertransference
Counselors may also over- or under-identify with patients, setting themselves up for countertransference
or disengagement (Faust et al., 2008; Fox, 2003; Saakvitne, 2002).
The ability to reflect honestly and make use of transference / countertransference
phenomena might require consultation, and in most extreme circumstances, transfer of care if unmanageable.
When a problem-solving court judge experiences positive countertransference
, they may over-identify with the participant before them.
Gabbard (2001, 2004) argues that therapists of all persuasions have come to accept that countertransference
can be an important source of information about the client.
Awareness of countertransference
, a core construct in counselor training and supervision, is another area of self-exploration recommended to counselors (Kinnier, 1997; Miller, 2003; Tobin, 2003).
In stage three--Therapeutic Transactions, the role of the therapist and their 'empathic transactions' comes into the authors' focal point in which they demonstrate how an analysis of the countertransference
provides an opportunity for the client to experience and express more fully their unimagined thoughts and feelings.