(redirected from costs, legal)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia.


Etymology: L, damnum, loss
(in law) a sum of money awarded to a plaintiff by a court as compensation for any loss, detriment, or injury to the plaintiff's person, property, or rights caused by the malfeasance or negligence of the defendant. Actual damages are awarded to reimburse the plaintiff for the loss or injury sustained. Nominal damages are awarded to show that a legal wrong has been committed although no recoverable loss can be determined. Punitive damages exceed the actual cost of injury or damage and are awarded when the defendant has acted with malice or reckless disregard of the plaintiff's rights.


Medical malpractice The failure or alleged failure on the part of a physician or other health care provider to exercise ordinary, reasonable, usual, or expected care, prudence, or skill–that would usually and customarily be exercised by other reputable physicians treating similar Pts–in performing a legally recognized duty, resulting in forseeable harm, injury or loss to another; negligence may be an act of omission–ie, unintentional, or commission–ie, intentional, characterized by inattention, recklessness, inadvertence, thoughtlessness, or wantonness. See Adverse event, Comparative negligence, Contributory negligence, Gross negligence, Malpractice, Wanton negligence, Willful negligence. Cf Recklessness.
Negligence, required elements  
Duty A recognized relationship between Pt and physician
Breach Failure of a medical practitioner to practice in accordance with standard of care
Proximate cause The plaintiff must show that injury is reasonably connected to physician's action
Damages Plaintiff must show that alleged loss or damage has a quantifiable value such that a monetary payment can be made APLM 1997; 121:252


n monetary award from a court as compensation for a legally proven loss.


n.pl compensation or indemnity that may be recovered in the courts by any person who has suffered loss, detriment, or injury to person, property, or rights through the unlawful act or negligence of another.
damages, compensatory,
n.pl a sum that compensates the injured party for injury only.
damages, exemplary (punitive damages)
n.pl damages awarded to the plaintiff over those that will barely compensate for property loss. Such compensation may be awarded when the wrong done to the plaintiff involves violence, malice, or fraud by the defendant. The object is to provide compensation for mental suffering or loss of pride. It may be employed as punishment of the defendant.
damages, nominal,
n.pl a small sum awarded to a plaintiff in an action in which there is no substantial loss or injury to be compensated but in which the law still recognizes a technical invasion of rights or a breach of the defendant's duty. Also awarded in cases in which, although there has been a real injury, the plaintiff's evidence is not sufficient to show its amount.
damages, punitive,
n.pl See damages, exemplary.


money paid to the victor in a court case in which loss of property or income is alleged, covered by the law of torts. Simple damages are assessed on the value of the actual loss. Punitive or exemplary damages are in excess of simple damages and are awarded as a punishment against the loser in the suit if it is judged that the tort was an aggravated one, and that the defendant has been, for example, wilfully and recklessly neglectful.

Patient discussion about damages

Q. How can I lower the damage the cumputer screen is causing my eyes? I work with a computer for long hours every day and so far my sight is still good. Usually after many hours my eyes itch though. All my friends have already ruined their eyes this way and would really like to prevent that... Do you know how?

A. When people hardly concentrate on monitors, used to blink a little. Try to use neutral eyedops. Use only TFT monitors. Another good ways has written above :)

Q. i have nerv damage in my left arm . what are the best ways to dill whith paine excelpt paine pills. not the best speller hope pepole understand. just wonderd what typs of ways you can deal with for paine whithout haveing to take meds; terry

A. here is an article i found for you-


"If you're a pain sufferer, here's some good news: Plenty of options exist to ease aches, and many of them don't come in pill form."

Q. What damage does depression do to the brain and how can you treat it? How does it affect your chemical balance, your brain? Is it critical or will be critical later in life? I just read on Yahoo News that Clinical stress could increase risk of Alzheimer's later in life. Does age matter like during teen years? I had depression and begun running. I noticed that I have a hard time focusing and absorbing information. I forgot a lot of things. All my brain seems to focus on is emotions. Can I change that? The running has made me feel a lot better afterwards

A. This is actually a good question- but I couldn’t find any research concerning long term damage from depression. It sounds unreasonable though…because there is no deprivation of oxygen or anything essential in depression. But the brain is a biological system that is under constant change – so it may be that pattern of thought changed. About the Alzheimer's- I only saw articles about depression because of Alzheimer.

More discussions about damages
References in periodicals archive ?
The company is using earnings before impairment and other restaurant closure costs, legal expenses related to the pending settlement of a lawsuit and stock-based compensation as a key performance measure of results of operations for purposes of evaluating performance internally.
Included in each of the MicroBilt Packages will be identity theft insurance covering up to $25,000 in identity restoration costs, legal defense expenses and lost wages.
The increased loss was primarily as a result of (1) a $465,000 increase in research and development activities related to the clinical trials for two of the Company's HIV rapid tests that were recently submitted to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for Pre-Market Approval (PMA) and (2) a $400,000 increase in selling, general and administrative expenses associated with increased sales commissions, marketing costs, legal and accounting costs.
It is designed to give consumers the knowledge they need to start their own business by guiding them through the essentials of business planning, bookkeeping, start-up costs, legal needs and accessing Small Business Administration loans.
Kapoor's cost estimates leave out necessary expenses, including: data collection, data management, training, marketing expenses for enrollment, expenses with clinical research organizations, manufacturing scale-up, compliance costs, legal expenses, and lease termination and consolidation costs.
The decrease in non-interest expense was primarily attributable to decreases in charitable contributions eligible for PA tax credits, payroll related costs, legal expenses and costs associated with the work-out of non-performing assets.
For the year 2001, higher average sales prices for canned pineapple products and increased case volume of sales were more than offset by increased production costs, legal costs, pension expense and other general and administrative expenses.
The jury award was based on a finding that the false advertising engaged in by Kreativ was done in bad faith, and the company will be seeking additional monetary awards for costs, legal fees, interest and enhanced damages," said Ben J.
8 million in the first quarter for acquisition costs, legal fees and restructuring expenses associated with the acquisition of Amserv which contributed to a net loss for the first six months of $799,437 or 19 cents per share, compared with net income of $408,842 or 10 cents per share for the same period last year.
a) Represents a one-time charge for acquisition costs, legal fees and restructuring costs associated with the acquisition of Amserv Healthcare, Inc.
Star incurred a one-time charge of $2,808,223 for acquisition costs, legal fees and restructuring expenses associated with the acquisition of Amserv, which contributed to a net loss for the first quarter of $1,278,681, or 33 cents per share, compared with net income of $32,132, or one cent per share for the same period last year.