costal cartilage


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

cartilage

 [kahr´tĭ-lij]
a specialized, fibrous connective tissue present in adults, and forming most of the temporary skeleton in the embryo, providing a model in which most of the bones develop, and constituting an important part of the organism's growth mechanism; the three most important types are hyaline cartilage, elastic cartilage, and fibrocartilage. Also, a general term for a mass of such tissue in a particular site in the body.
 Involvement of joint and cartilage in osteoarthritis. From ARHP Arthritis Teaching Slide Collection, American College of Rheumatology.
alar c's the cartilages of the wings of the nose.
aortic cartilage the second costal cartilage on the right side.
arthrodial cartilage (articular cartilage) that lining the articular surfaces of synovial joints.
arytenoid c's two pyramid-shaped cartilages of the larynx.
connecting cartilage that connecting the surfaces of an immovable joint.
costal cartilage a bar of hyaline cartilage that attaches a rib to the sternum in the case of true ribs, or to the immediately above rib in the case of the upper false ribs.
cricoid cartilage a ringlike cartilage forming the lower and back part of the larynx.
diarthrodial cartilage articular cartilage.
elastic cartilage cartilage that is more opaque, flexible, and elastic than hyaline cartilage, and is further distinguished by its yellow color. The ground substance is penetrated in all directions by frequently branching fibers that give all of the reactions for elastin.
ensiform cartilage xiphoid process.
fibrous cartilage fibrocartilage.
floating cartilage a detached portion of semilunar cartilage in the knee joint.
hyaline cartilage flexible, somewhat elastic, semitransparent cartilage with an opalescent bluish tint, composed of a basophilic fibril-containing substance with cavities in which the chondrocytes occur.
 Hyaline cartilage. The matrix nearest the chondrocytes is intensely staining; although the matrix appears homogeneous, collagen fibrils may be visualized by polarized light or electron microscopy. From Dorland's, 2000.
Meckel's cartilage the ventral cartilage of the first branchial arch.
permanent cartilage cartilage that does not normally become ossified.
Reichert's cartilage the dorsal cartilage of the second branchial arch.
reticular cartilage elastic cartilage.
semilunar cartilage one of the two interarticular cartilages of the knee joint.
temporary cartilage cartilage that is normally destined to be replaced by bone.
thyroid cartilage the shield-shaped cartilage of the larynx, underlying the laryngeal prominence on the surface of the neck.
vomeronasal cartilage either of the two narrow strips of cartilage, one on each side, of the nasal septum supporting the vomeronasal organ.
yellow cartilage elastic cartilage.

cos·tal car·ti·lage

[TA]
the cartilage forming the anterior continuation of a rib, providing the means by which it reaches and articulates with the sternum.

cos·tal car·ti·lage

(kos'tăl kahr'ti-lăj) [TA]
The cartilage forming the anterior continuation of a rib, providing the means by which it reaches and articulates with the sternum.
Synonym(s): cartilago costalis [TA] .
References in periodicals archive ?
We corrected saddle nose deformity with costal cartilage. This study aimed to assess the results of ninth costal cartilage for stage III saddle nose deformity, by comparing the pre and post op mean visual analogue score (VAS) which also included self-esteem as one of the parameters.
Previous studies have proved that the costal cartilage is the preferred graft for performing substantial augmentation, especially for revision cases.[sup][4] Diced cartilage carries a minimal risk of warping, and can be easily molded once the graft is in the good plane.
Interpositional arthroplasty using autogenous costal cartilage graft for tem- poromandibular joint ankylosis in adults.
Fisher, "The effect of methylprednisolone on mucopolysaccharides of rabbit vitreous humor and costal cartilage," Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)--Specialized Section on Mucoproteins and Mucopolysaccharides, vol.
Numerous authors have reported its appearance describing its anterior insertion almost invariably, on the cranial surface of the first costal cartilage and its posterior insertion on the superior margin of the scapula, superior transverse ligament of the scapula, base of the coracoid process or capsule of the acromioclavicular joint.
Chest wall deformities have been reported in 8% of patients in whom the costal cartilage was harvested between the ages of 6 and 12 years.[sup][18]
It is assumed that the aplasia of the pectoralis muscles and associated chest defects as the athelia aplasia of costal cartilages are consequences of an interruption of early embryonic blood supply of subclavicular artery branches.67 A combination of the blockage of various branches could lead to different manifestations of PS.
(1,2,8,9,10) Costochondritis typically affects the second through the fifth costal cartilages, (2,8) whereas Tietze's syndrome most commonly affects the second or third costal cartilage.
Normally counting of ribs is done from second costal cartilage at sternal angle.
Interpositional arthroplasty using autogenous costal cartilage graft for temporomandibular joint ankylosis in adults.
Costal cartilage is an additional option, but most patients prefer the reduced morbidity of an auricular graft and the advantage of a hidden incisional scar.
The proximal end of the tendon was found attached to the costal cartilage of the first rib, deep to the subclavius.