cost-utility analysis


Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

cost-utility analysis (CUA)

a type of economic evaluation of different approaches to managed health care costs. It compares the degree to which quality of life is improved per dollar spent. A quality-of-life index is used to compare interventions, including quality-adjusted life years.
References in periodicals archive ?
The results showed that among the 27 reviewed articles, 1 article performed the cost-benefit analysis (32) and the number of articles in connection with the cost-effectiveness and cost-utility analysis were 17 and 9, respectively.
In order to perform a cost-utility analysis, an analytical Markov model was created in which one hypothetical cohort of Puerto Rican patients were treated with warfarin in order to predict the direct medical care cost of the treatment (e.
Cost-utility analysis is similar to a cost-effectiveness analysis, but measures effectiveness specifically with quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), which includes the change in both the quantity and quality of life that result from an intervention.
Cost-utility analysis of radical nephrectomy versus partial nephrectomy in the management of small renal masses: Adjusting for the burden of ensuing chronic kidney disease.
We performed a cost-utility analysis, which measures the cost of treatment related to QALY.
A cost-utility analysis of cervical cancer vaccination in preadolescent Canadian females.
Cost-utility analysis "can be viewed as a cost-effectiveness approach that has output measured in only one kind of dimension: quality adjusted life years (QALY)" (Brent, 2003, p.
The inclusion of this cost in cost-utility analysis is a standard feature, but not without controversy.
The researchers performed a cost-utility analysis by creating a model that followed women from the 10th week of pregnancy (before any testing) through pregnancy, birth, and the women's remaining life expectancies.
This instalment of Sex Research Update summarizes recent research on the cost-utility analysis of condom social marketing campaigns; changes in the sexual behaviour of high school students in the United States from 1991 to 2001; a randomized controlled trial evaluation of a teen pregnancy prevention program; a randomized controlled trial evaluation of a sexual risk reduction intervention for drug dependent adolescents; condom specific sexual assertiveness among heterosexually active men; young adults' recollections of sexual experiences in childhood; the impact of vasectomy on sexual and marital satisfaction; and the sexual behaviour of physically disabled adolescents.
A cost-utility analysis shows that the new rehabilitation program in primary health care is a cost-minimization program for society.