Single port laparoscopic approach proposes to offer an acceptable cosmesis
because it does not give scar due to port being hidden in the umbilicus.
Many of the above conditions in which contact lenses can be used as a management option mention cosmesis
is a benefit, which can easily be dismissed.
The Vancouver scar scale was used to evaluate the healing of the port entry site in the umbilical region, and cosmesis
analysis was performed.
It is a more logical next step in the evolution of minimally invasive surgery and its goals of further reducing surgical trauma and improving cosmesis
. I am performing hysterectomies in which I place two 5-mm nonbladed trocars through incisions inside the umbilicus and a minilaparoscopic percutaneous cannula below the bikini line; it is a "hybrid" procedure, in essence, that incorporates the use of mini-instrumentation.
Secondary procedures addressed the symmetry and cosmesis
and the possibilities are numerous.
Specific outcome measures include cost, cosmesis
and sepsis rates compared to the existing body of knowledge.
"Though rhinoplasty procedures for nasal cosmesis
involving both the nasal dorsum and tip were perceived to make a person more attractive and healthier, these results suggest that manipulation of the dorsum is more strongly associated with perception of the nose," the authors write.
The primary efficacy outcome measures to evaluate wound healing improvement and scar formation reduction include a Visual Analog Scale and a Scar Cosmesis
Assessment and Rating scale.
Radiotherapy using brachytherapy technique is a well-established option as regards to acceptability and outcome of treatment in terms of local control, cosmesis
and hand function.
All participants in the study had scored either "good" or "excellent" on overall breast cosmesis
Treatment may be offered to patients who are distressed by the lesions or seek cosmesis
. A 2012 review of 220 cases of EVHC found that topical retinoic acid, incision/excision, C[O.sub.2] laser, erbium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser, needle evacuation, dermabrasion, and 10% urea cream were each associated with successful treatment in multiple cases.
Options for management include observation or surgical excision; indications for surgery include diagnosis, cosmesis
, and irritation symptoms.