coryza


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rhinitis

 [ri-ni´tis]
inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose; it may be either mild and chronic or acute. Viruses, bacteria, and allergens are responsible for its varied manifestations. Often a viral rhinitis is complicated by a bacterial infection caused by streptococci, staphylococci, and pneumococci or other bacteria. hay fever, an acute type of allergic rhinitis, is also subject to bacterial complications. Many factors assist the invasion of the mucous membranes by bacteria, including allergens, excessive dryness, exposure to dampness and cold, excessive inhalation of dust, and injury to the nasal cilia due to viral infection.



It usually is not serious, but some forms may be contagious. The mucous membrane of the nose becomes swollen and there is a nasal discharge. Some types are accompanied by fever, muscle aches, and general discomfort with sneezing and running eyes. Breathing through the nose may become difficult or impossible. Often rhinitis is accompanied by inflammation of the throat and sinuses. If bacterial infection develops, the nasal discharge is thick and contains pus.

Acute rhinitis is the medical term for the common cold. Chronic rhinitis may result in permanent thickening of the nasal mucosa. Treatment of rhinitis is aimed at eliminating the primary cause and administration of decongestants to relieve nasal congestion.
acute rhinitis common cold.
allergic rhinitis any allergic reaction of the nasal mucosa, occurring perennially (nonseasonal allergic rhinitis) or seasonally (hay fever).
atrophic rhinitis a chronic form of nonallergic noninfectious rhinitis marked by wasting of the mucous membrane and the glands. It is sometimes the result of trauma, vascular damage by radiation therapy, and environmental irritants, and disease has also been implicated.
rhinitis caseo´sa that with a caseous, gelatinous, and fetid discharge.
fibrinous rhinitis membranous rhinitis.
hypertrophic rhinitis that with thickening and swelling of the mucous membrane.
membranous rhinitis chronic rhinitis with the formation of a false membrane, as in nasal diphtheria; called also fibrinous rhinitis.
nonseasonal allergic rhinitis allergic rhinitis occurring continuously or intermittently all year round, due to exposure to a more or less ever-present allergen, marked by sudden attacks of sneezing, swelling of the nasal mucosa with profuse watery discharge, itching of the eyes, and lacrimation. Called also nonseasonal or perennial hay fever.
seasonal allergic rhinitis hay fever.
vasomotor rhinitis
1. nonallergic rhinitis in which transient changes in vascular tone and permeability (with the same symptoms of allergic rhinitis) are brought on by such stimuli as mild chilling, fatigue, anger, and anxiety.
2. any condition of allergic or nonallergic rhinitis, as opposed to infectious rhinitis.

a·cute rhi·ni·tis

an acute inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose, marked by sneezing, lacrimation, and a profuse secretion of watery mucus; usually associated with infection by one of the common cold viruses of acute allergic rhinitis.

coryza

(kə-rī′zə)
n.
See cold.

coryza

Medtalk → Vox populi Runny nose

a·cute rhi·ni·tis

(ă-kyūt' rī-nī'tis)
Sudden onset of catarrhal inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose, marked by sneezing, lacrimation, and a profuse secretion of watery mucus; usually associated with infection by one of the common cold viruses.
Synonym(s): coryza.

coryza

The medical term for the common cold. See COLD.

a·cute rhi·ni·tis

(ă-kyūt' rī-nī'tis)
Acute inflammation of the mucous membranes, marked by sneezing, lacrimation, and profuse secretion of watery mucus; usually associated with infection by one of the common cold viruses of acute allergic rhinitis.
Synonym(s): coryza.
References in periodicals archive ?
(%) Coryza 27 (65.9) Cough 24 (58.5) Sore throat 18 (43.9) Dyspnea 11 (26.8) Fever 7 (17.1)
All measles cases had history of fever and maculo-papular rash (non-vesicular), 12 (8%) had coryza, 10 (7%) conjunctivitis, 18 (12%) diarrhea/vomiting, 32 (21%) breathlessness and 40 (27%) had lower respiratory tract infection.
Cough symptoms showed to have an increased risk (RR 27.0) when neonates are born to infected mothers, followed by dyspnea (RR 15.4), coryza (RR 7.7) and nasal obstruction (RR 6.7).
Over all Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD) was found most prevalent (29.37%) in broilers followed by Colibacillosis 18.61%, Coccidiosis 17.38% and Chronic Respiratory Disease (CRD) 17.27%, while Coryza 33.75% was most prevalent disease in layers followed by ND 22.12%, CRD 16.11% Coccidiosis 12.48% and Colibacillosis 11.36%.
In age group among 6 - 10 years the most common causes being fever, cough and Coryza; the average absenteeism in this age group is 5.93% absentees / day.
Physicians need to keep measles in mind when they encounter persons with a fever and rash, along with symptoms such as cough, coryza, or conjunctivitis, especially in persons who recently have traveled abroad or have had contact with travelers.
Jordan had declared three years ago that it eradicated measles, a very infectious and epidemic illness caused by the rubeola virus whose main symptoms invariably include fever and at least one of the three C's (cough, coryza and conjunctivitis).
John [1], a 7 years old Indian male, presented with a 3-day history of bilateral knee pain and swelling, associated with a 5-day history of non-itchy, non-painful rash over the lower limbs and a week history of fever and coryza, in the absence of trauma.
What is the popular name for the infection coryza? 8.
The colleague himself tried 12 mg/day, and within two weeks he developed deep acne and the worst coryza he had ever experienced.
Material and Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the pediatric emergency department of Vakif Gureba Hospital, Istanbul, between December 2008 and March 2009, including patients aged 8 months to 11 years presenting with fever and cough, coryza, myalgias, and /or malaise.
There were 223 male and female participants (aged 18 to 60 years) who were suffering from symptoms of coryza. Those with serious health conditions, taking other medications, pregnant or lactating, who were ill for longer than three days, who had allergies, or who were addicted to alcohol, cigarettes or pan masala chewing were excluded.