cortisol


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Related to cortisol: cortisone, Low cortisol

cortisol

 [kor´tĭ-sol]
a hormone from the adrenal cortex, the principal glucocorticoid; called also 17-hydroxycorticosterone and, pharmaceutically, hydrocortisone. A synthetic preparation is used for its antiinflammatory actions.

cor·ti·sol

(kōr'ti-sol),
The principal glucocorticoid produced by the zona fasciculata of the adrenal cortex. It promotes gluconeogenesis and lipolysis, suppresses protein synthesis, inhibits inflammatory and immune responses, and has mild mineralocorticoid (for example, hypernatremic, kaliureteric, antidiuretic) effects. Most plasma cortisol is bound to transcortin and albumin. Synthetic cortisol administered as a drug is usually known by the alternative name hydrocortisone.

cortisol

(kôr′tĭ-sôl′, -zôl′, -sōl′, -zōl′)
n.
A steroid hormone, C21H30O5, produced by the adrenal cortex, that regulates carbohydrate metabolism, maintains blood pressure, and is released in response to stress; hydrocortisone.

cortisol

Hydrocortisone A major hormone produced by the adrenal cortex, which is the primary glucocorticoid secreted by the adrenal gland in response to ACTH stimulation or stress; cortisol has anti-inflammatory activity, and is involved in gluconeogenesis, glycogen storage in the liver, immune regulation, mediation of physiologic stress responses, Ca2+ absorption, secretion of gastric acid and pepsin, conversion of proteins to carbohydrates, and nutrient metabolism; it is secreted in a diurnal pattern–levels rise early morning, peak ± 8 am, and flatten in the evening, diurnal cycling is lost in Cushing syndrome; cortisol secretion is influenced by heat, cold, infection, trauma, excercise, obesity, intercurrent illness ↑ in Adrenal CA, Cushing's disease, ectopic ACTH, ectopic CRH, hyperthyroidism, depression, alcoholism, substance abuse, anorexia, heavy smoking, CA, ulcers, DM, chronic pain, strokes, CVA, Parkinson's disease, MS, psoriasis, acne, eczema, stress, aging, Alzheimer's disease, AIDS, space adaptation syndrome ↓ in Addison's disease, hypopituitarism, hypothyroidism. See Corticosteroid, Dexamethasone suppression test.

hy·dro·cor·ti·sone

(hī'drō-kōr'ti-sōn)
A steroid hormone secreted by the cortex of the suprarenal gland and the most potent of the naturally occurring glucocorticoids in humans.
Synonym(s): cortisol.

cortisol

A hormone produced by the adrenal cortex. Also called hydrocortisone.

cortisol

or

hydrocortisone

an adrenocortical steroid with effects similar to CORTISONE.

Cortisol

A hormone released by the cortex (outer portion) of the adrenal gland when a person is under stress. Cortisol levels are now considered a biological marker of suicide risk.

cor·ti·sol

(kōr'ti-sol)
Principal glucocorticoid produced by the zona fasciculata of the cortex of the suprarenal gland; promotes gluconeogenesis and lipolysis and inhibits inflammatory and immune responses.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cushings Disease happens when too much cortisol is produced by the body.
"It may be that low cortisol is bad and high cortisol is bad and there's a middle level that is normal," she added.
To date, mental toughness has not been linked to physiological responses such as Cortisol in competitive settings.
v) Cortisol analysis in plasma and saliva: Blood plasma samples were defrosted and vortexed (Vortex Genie-2, Scientific Industries Inc, New York, USA) at room temperature (24[degrees]C).
Lai and his associates has illustrated that maintaining a positive psychological profile such as being optimistic, humorous, and socially connected contributes to a cortisol profile associated with better health.
However, when considering the relationship between stress, Cortisol, and obesity, it's clear that there are other factors beyond how much we eat and exercise that can affect our ability to maintain a healthy weight.
This allowed the researchers to confirm that people with high cortisol levels also tended to have lower total brain volumes.
'In this study, higher morning cortisol levels in a large sample of people were associated with worse brain structure and cognition,' Seshadri said.
If you're suffering from stress and don't want to resort to medication to bring down your cortisol levels, there are plenty of natural remedies available lant sed ne Gingko biloba A plant extract that's been used in Chinese medicine for years.
In addition, possible moderating effects of other factors on Cortisol secretion could exist.
Your cortisol levels remain high, and your body stays in a constant state of stress.
In order to better understand the role of salivary cortisol, depression and anxiety in the development of RAS, we planned this study, and at the same time, we wanted to evaluate the relationship between anxiety and depression and salivary cortisol levels in RAS patients.