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Related to coronary occlusion: hypocalcemia
encircling in the manner of a crown; said of anatomical structures such as vessels, ligaments, or nerves.
coronary arteries two large arteries that branch from the ascending aorta and supply all of the heart muscle with blood (see also table of arteries).
coronary artery disease (CAD) atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries, which may cause angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, and sudden death. Both genetically determined and avoidable risk factors contribute to the disease; they include hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, smoking, diabetes mellitus, and low levels of high density lipoproteins (HDL).
coronary heart disease (CHD) ischemic heart disease.
coronary occlusion the occlusion, or closing off, of a coronary artery, usually caused by a narrowing of the lumen of the blood vessels by the plaques of atherosclerosis. Sometimes a plaque may rupture and release vasoactive or thrombogenic substances that lead to clot formation. If there is adequate collateral circulation to the heart muscle at the time of the occlusion, there may be little or no damage to the myocardial cells. When occlusion is complete, however, with no blood being supplied to an area of the myocardium, myocardial infarction results.
2. the trapping of a liquid or gas within cavities in a solid or on its surface.
3. the relation of the teeth of both jaws when in functional contact during activity of the mandible.
4. momentary complete closure of some area in the vocal tract, causing breathing to stop and pressure to accumulate.
abnormal occlusion malocclusion.
central occlusion (centric occlusion) occlusion of the teeth when the mandible is in centric relation to the maxilla, with full occlusal surface contact of the upper and lower teeth in habitual occlusion.
coronary occlusion see coronary occlusion.
eccentric occlusion occlusion of the teeth when the lower jaw has moved from the centric position.
functional occlusion contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth that provides the highest efficiency in the centric position and during all exclusive movements of the jaw that are essential to mastication without producing trauma.
blockage of a coronary vessel, usually by thrombosis or atheroma, often leading to myocardial infarction.
The partial or complete obstruction of blood flow in a coronary artery, as by a thrombus or the progressive buildup of atherosclerotic plaque.
an obstruction of an artery that supplies the heart muscle. When complete, it causes myocardial infarction; when incomplete, it may cause angina. The underlying pathophysiological characteristic is atherosclerotic plaque, which usually develops slowly by buildup of lipid and macrophage complexes. Rapid plaque accumulation is frequently caused by hemorrhage within a plaque. If the plaque ruptures, platelets aggregate, fibrin is deposited, spasm occurs, and a thrombus develops, resulting in acute myocardial infarction. Treatment includes prompt IV thrombolysis and administration of heparin. Primary percutaneous transvenous coronary angioplasty can achieve prompt reperfusion. See also coronary artery disease.
cor·o·nar·y oc·clu·sion(kōr'ŏ-nār-ē ŏ-klū'zhŭn)
Blockage of a coronary vessel, usually by thrombosis or atheroma, often leading to myocardial infarction.
Complete or partial obstruction of a coronary vessel by thrombosis or as a result of spasm. Synonym: cardiac thrombosis; coronary thrombosisSee: myocardial infarction; illustration
See also: occlusion
coronary occlusionComplete obstruction of blood flow in a CORONARY artery.
coronary occlusionblockage of one or more coronary arteries, by atherosclerosis and/or thrombosis, leading to myocardial infarction (heart attack)
n obstruction in the heart's blood-supplying arteries.
cor·o·nar·y oc·clu·sion(kōr'ŏ-nār-ē ŏ-klū'zhŭn)
Blockage of a coronary vessel.
encircling in the manner of a crown.
1. a term applied to vessels, ligaments, nerves, the band at the skin-hoof junction.
2. blood vessels partially encircling the heart.
two large arteries that branch from the ascending aorta and supply all of the heart muscle with blood. See also Table 9.
coronary artery anomaly
one or both arteries originate from the pulmonary artery instead of the aorta; anoxia of the myocardium leads to congestive heart failure.
coronary artery laceration
in foals during a difficult parturition and in cattle due to penetration by a reticular foreign body; sudden death due to cardiac tamponade.
coronary artery rupture
can result from perforation by a foreign body from the reticulum as part of the syndrome of traumatic reticular pericarditis. Cardiac tamponade results, causing acute or congestive heart failure.
the junction of the skin and the horn of the hoof.
intravenous injection of chemicals such as veratridine causes cardiac slowing, hypotension and apnea due to reflex response by the myocardium. Called also Bezold-Jarisch reflex.
the spongy, resilient hypodermis beneath the coronary corium of the hoof.
lodgment of an embolus in a coronary artery is a rare occurrence in animals. Myocardial ischemia and asthenia result, the effect on the animal varying with the amount of muscle compromised.
the occlusion, or closing off, of a coronary artery. The occlusion may result from formation of a clot (thrombosis). Narrowing of the lumen of the blood vessels by the plaques of atherosclerosis, as occurs in humans, does not occur in animals. If there is adequate collateral circulation to the heart muscle at the time of the occlusion, there may be little or no damage to the myocardial cells. When occlusion is complete, however, with no blood being supplied to an area of the myocardium, myocardial infarction results.
coronary perfusion pressure
the difference between aortic diastolic and right atrial diastolic pressure; a determinant of the blood flow to cardiac muscle.
formation of a clot in a coronary artery. See also myocardial infarction.
1. the act of closure or state of being closed; an obstruction or a closing off.
2. the relation of the teeth of both jaws when in functional contact during activity of the mandible.
see coronary occlusion.
contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth that provides the highest efficiency in the centric position and during all exclusive movements of the jaw that are essential to mastication without producing trauma.
a technique used in cardiac surgery to produce complete circulatory arrest by temporarily interrupting venous return.
any abnormality of occlusion which causes injury to structures within the mouth.