coronary microvascular disease

coronary microvascular disease

,

CMD.

Abnormally reduced blood flow to the myocardium, resulting in ischemic chest pain in patients who have no evidence of obstruction to blood flow through the epicardial coronary arteries. It can be identified with coronary reactivity testing. CMD is more common in women than in men. Despite the normal appearance of the coronary arteries on angiography, CMD increases the risk for heart attack, heart failure, and sudden death. It can be treated with antiplatelet drugs like aspirin, beta blockers or other antianginal drugs, and statins. Synonym: coronary microvascular dysfunction
References in periodicals archive ?
Women are more likely than men to have heart disease in the network of small arteries of the heart, which is referred to as coronary microvascular disease (MVD),
Coronary microvascular disease (MVD) is the type of heart disease that tends to impact women more than men--is heart disease that affects the tiny coronary (heart) arteries.
Myocardial biopsy studies have also revealed the presence of coronary microvascular disease in patients exhibiting CSFP (9, 10).
Q A friend was recently taken to the ER due to shortness of breath and chest pain, and was told she had coronary microvascular disease.