coronary artery bypass graft
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2. to implant or transplant such tissues. This term is preferred over transplant in the case of skin grafts. See also implant.
allogeneic graft allograft.
autodermic graft (autoepidermic graft) a skin graft taken from the patient's own body.
autologous graft (autoplastic graft) a graft taken from another area of the patient's own body; called also autograft.
avascular graft a graft of tissue in which not even transient vascularization is achieved.
bone graft bone transplanted from one site to another.
cable graft a nerve graft made up of several sections of nerve in the manner of a cable.
coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) see under bypass.
cutis graft dermal graft.
delayed graft a skin graft that is sutured back into its bed and subsequently used after several days.
dermal graft (dermic graft) a skin graft of dermis, used instead of fascia in various plastic procedures.
fascia graft a graft of fibrous tissue, usually taken from the external investing fascia of the lower limb (fascia lata).
fascicular graft a nerve graft in which bundles of nerve fibers are approximated and sutured separately.
filler graft one used for the filling of defects, as the filling of depressions with fatty tissue or of a bony cyst cavity with bone chips or dried cartilage.
free graft a graft of tissue completely freed from its bed, in contrast to a flap.
full-thickness graft a skin graft consisting of the full thickness of the skin, with little or none of the subcutaneous tissue.
heterodermic graft a skin graft taken from a donor of another species.
heterologous graft (heteroplastic graft) xenograft.
homologous graft a graft of tissue obtained from the body of another animal of the same species but with a genotype differing from that of the recipient; called also allograft and homograft.
inlay graft a skin graft or mucosal graft applied by spreading the graft over a stent and suturing the graft and mold into a prepared pocket.
isogeneic graft (isologous graft) (isoplastic graft) syngraft.
lamellar graft replacement of the superficial layers of an opaque cornea by a thin layer of clear cornea from a donor eye.
mesh graft a type of split-thickness graft in which many tiny splits have been made in the skin to allow it to be stretched to cover a larger area.
Ollier-Thiersch graft a very thin skin graft in which long, broad strips of skin, consisting of the epidermis, rete, and part of the corium, are used.
omental graft a segment of omentum and its supplying vasculature, transplanted as a free flap to another area and revascularized by anastomosis of arteries and veins.
pedicle graft pedicle flap.
penetrating graft a full-thickness corneal transplant.
periosteal graft a piece of periosteum to cover a denuded bone.
Phemister graft a bone graft of cortical bone with cancellous bone chips to enhance callus formation.
pinch graft a small piece of skin graft, partial or full thickness, obtained by elevating the skin with a needle and slicing it off with a knife.
porcine graft a split-thickness graft of skin from a pig, applied to a denuded area on a human as a temporary dressing for treatment of a severe burn.
sieve graft a skin graft from which tiny circular islands of skin are removed so that a larger denuded area can be covered, the sievelike portion being placed over one area, and the individual islands over surrounding or other denuded areas.
skin graft a piece of skin transplanted to replace a lost portion of skin; see also skin grafting.
split-skin graft (split-thickness graft) a skin graft consisting of the epidermis and a portion of dermis.
syngeneic graft syngraft.
thick-split graft a skin graft consisting of the epidermis and about two thirds of the dermis.
Thiersch graft Ollier-Thiersch graft.
coronary artery bypass graft (CABG),
a surgical procedure in which damaged sections of the coronary arteries are replaced with new articular of venous graftings to increase rate of cardiac blood flow.
coronary artery bypass graft
n. Abbr. CABG
A surgical procedure in which a section of a vein is grafted between the aorta and a coronary artery below the level of an obstruction in that artery.
coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
open heart surgery in which a prosthesis or a section of a vein or internal mammary artery is grafted from the aorta onto one of the coronary arteries, bypassing a narrowing or blockage in the coronary artery. The operation is performed in coronary artery disease to improve the blood supply to the heart muscle and to relieve anginal pain. Coronary arteriography pinpoints the areas of obstruction before surgery. Under general anesthesia and with the use of a cardiopulmonary bypass machine, one end of a 15- to 20-cm prosthesis or a segment of saphenous vein from the patient's leg is grafted to the ascending aorta. The other end is sutured to the clogged coronary artery at a point distal to the stoppage. The internal mammary artery may also be used as graft tissue. Usually double or triple grafts are done for multiple areas of blockage. After surgery, close observation in an intensive care unit is essential to ensure adequate ventilation and cardiac output. The systolic blood pressure is not allowed to drop significantly below the preoperative baseline, nor is it allowed to rise significantly, because hypertension can rupture a graft site. Arrhythmias are treated with medications or by electrical cardioversion. The patient is usually discharged within 5 to 8 days, unless complications occur.
coronary artery bypass graftCABG pron, cabbage Cardiology A procedure in which vascular grafts, usually saphenous veins–legs, rarely cephalic veins, are anastomosed end-to-side to the internal mammary arteries, bypassing atherosclerotically stenosed coronary arteries; the internal mammary artery might be a better donor, given its relative resistance to collapse; internal mammary procedures are associated with ↑ survival, better long-term patency, ↓ rate of reoperation Statistics 800,000/yr–US survive acute MI–200,000 do not; up to 350,000/yr undergo CABG,2⁄3 of whom may benefit from the procedure Indications Pts with coronary lesions that are unsuitable for, or do not respond to, catheter-based intervention; perioperative death and MI are 4% and 10% higher, respectively, when CABG is performed urgently rather than electively; thus efforts should be made to stabilize the Pt pharmacologically before attempting revascularization; an intra-aortic balloon pump–IABP can serve as a bridge to catheterization or revascularization as long as the Pt does not have severe peripheral vascular disease, significant aortic insufficiency, or known severe aortoiliac disease, including aortic aneurysm; Pts who do not stabilize after IABP placement should be reevaluated to confirm the diagnosis of ischemic heart disease and considered for emergency catheterization Medical therapy vs CABG; it is unclear whether medical therapy–diet, exercise, and cholesterol-lowering drugs is more beneficial than surgery; medical therapy is preferred in those without evidence of myocardial ischemia, and in Pts with 1- or 2-vessel disease without significant LADS; CABG is indicated in Pts with chronic stable angina who are medical 'failures', Pts with 2-vessel disease and left anterior descending coronary artery stenosis–LADS; CABG is also indicated in 2- or 3-vessel disease; 'triple bypass' CABG is indicated for unstable angina and ischemia detected by an exercise stress test Presurgery workup EKG, stress test, echocardiography, coronary angiography Complications Progression of ASHD, recurrent angina, arrhythmia, sudden death, within 5 yrs in ± 2% of surgically treated and ± 6% of medically treated Pts Recovery ± 7-10 days. See ACME, Angina, CABG patch trial, CABRI, CASS, EAST, ERACI, GABI, RITA, Thallium imaging, Treadmill exercise test. Cf Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, Stenting.
cor·o·na·ry ar·te·ry by·pass graft(CABG) (kōr'ŏ-nār-ē ahr'tĕr-ē bī'pās graft)
A surgical procedure in which damaged sections of the coronary arteries are replaced with new arterial or venous graftings to increase rate of cardiac blood flow. Sometimes colloquially known as a 'cabbage procedure.'