corneal


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corneal

 [kor´ne-al]
pertaining to the cornea.
corneal reflex a reflex action of the eye resulting in automatic closing of the eyelid when the cornea is stimulated. The corneal reflex can be elicited in a normal person by gently touching the cornea with a wisp of cotton. Absence of the corneal reflex indicates deep coma or injury of one of the nerves carrying the reflex arc.
corneal transplantation transplantation of a donor cornea into the eye of a recipient, done to improve the vision of patients with distorted curvature of the cornea (keratoconus) or corneal edema, infection, trauma, or intractable pain. Vision should improve beginning the day after surgery with optimal vision 6 to 12 months later. Because the cornea does not have a blood supply, corneal transplants were one of the earliest successful types of organ transplants. Called also keratoplasty.

cor·ne·al

(kōr'nē-ăl),
Relating to the cornea.

cor·ne·al

(kōr'nē-ăl)
Relating to the cornea.

corneal 

Pertaining to the cornea.

corneal

pertaining to the cornea. See also keratitis, keratopathy.

corneal anomaly
includes microcornea, coloboma, megalocornea, dermoid, congenital opacity.
corneal black body
see corneal sequestrum (below).
corneal coloboma
an uncommon congenital defect in the continuity of the cornea; may have concurrent herniation of the uveal tract. See also coloboma.
corneal dystrophy
a developmental condition, inherited in some breeds of dogs and cats. May cause corneal edema and ulceration. See also keratopathy.
corneal ectasia
corneal edema
occurs when fluid accumulates in the corneal stroma, disrupting the normal lamellar structure and causing a loss of transparency. Commonly called blue eye.
corneal erosion syndrome
see refractory ulcer.
feline focal corneal necrosis
see corneal sequestrum (below).
corneal hyaline membrane
an abnormal, semitransparent membrane on the posterior surface of the cornea, attached to the endothelium. Can be associated with persistent pupillary membrane. Caused by inflammation or a developmental defect.
corneal inflammation
inherited corneal opacity
congenital opacity of the cornea occurs in cattle. The animals are not completely blind and the rest of the eye is normal. Both eyes are affected. The lesion is an edema of the corneal lamellae.
corneal laminae
the limiting membranes that separate the bulk of the cornea from the covering epithelia; the anterior is Bowman's, the posterior is descemet's membrane.
corneal lipidosis
cholesterol crystals and lipid vacuoles may be found in the corneal stroma as a result of persistent hypercholesterolemia or chronic stromal inflammation.
melting corneal
see collagenase ulcer.
corneal mummification
see corneal sequestrum (below).
corneal opacity
corneal pigmentation
results from chronic irritation. The melanin is in the superficial stroma and the basal layer of the corneal epithelium. See also superficial pigmentary keratitis.
corneal reflex
a reflex action of the eye resulting in automatic closing of the eyelids when the cornea is stimulated. The corneal reflex can be elicited in a normal animal by gently touching the cornea with a wisp of cotton. Absence of the corneal reflex indicates deep coma or injury of one of the nerves carrying the reflex arc.
corneal ring abscess
an infected corneal ulcer in which there is a surrounding zone of liquefaction encircled by a zone of neutrophils.
corneal scar
corneal opacity.
corneal sequestrum
a central, focal, dark necrotic plaque on the cornea of cats, especially Persians, associated with chronic ulcerative or inflammatory disease of the cornea. Called also focal superficial necrosis, corneal mummification, keratitis nigrum.
corneal shield
protection used in the treatment of corneal ulcers or wounds; commercial products consisting of collagen which is dissolved in the tear film are claimed to enhance healing.
corneal stromal depositions
minerals, lipids or pigment deposited in the stroma following injury.
superficial corneal erosion
see refractory ulcer.
corneal tattooing
done mainly in horses to obscure unsightly scarring of the cornea.
corneal transparency
the quality of being able to see objects through the cornea; partly the result of the strict horizontal lamellal distribution of its collagen fibers, parallel to the corneal surface.
corneal transplantation
corneal ulcer
a defect in the corneal epithelium and some amount of stroma; may be caused by trauma, chronic irritation as from distichiasis, entropion or keratitis sicca, or infectious agents. Deep ulcers can lead to rupture of the cornea, the escape of aqueous humor and often prolapse of the iris with a secondary uveitis and endophthalmitis. See also ulcer.
Enlarge picture
Corneal ulcer in a horse. By permission from Knottenbelt DC, Pascoe RR, Diseases and Disorders of the Horse, Saunders, 2003
corneal vascularization
results from inflammation of the cornea, the vessels growing in from the limbus. It is a necessary repair process but it reduces visual acuity.
References in periodicals archive ?
Keywords: Applanation ultrasound pachymetry, Central corneal thickness, Galilei dual scheimpflug analyzer.
The objective of this study was to compare corneal morphological parameters (CED, CV, hexagonality and average cell size) between diabetics and age matched non diabetic control subjects and to evaluate the correlation of these parameters in relation to duration of DM, glycemic status and severity of DR.
Then, the indentation was made on the left cornea of the mice by the use of the corneal trephine with the diameter of 2 mm, and during this process, the trephine edge should not surpass the corneoscleral limbus.
After applying topical anesthetic (proparacaine hydrochloride) to the right eye, a corneal swab was taken for aerobic culture and sensitivity testing as well as a sample prepared for corneal cytology.
Of the many disorders affecting these structures, corneal ulcers and pterygium are particularly difficult to treat.
Photrexa Viscous and Photrexa are photoenhancers indicated for use with the KXL System in corneal collagen cross-linking for the treatment of progressive keratoconus and corneal ectasia following refractive surgery.
The corneal and conjunctival surfaces were irrigated with normal saline solution and periocular area was painted with
9) The CRF value expresses the mean corneal mechanical resistance including viscous and elastic components, and is calculated with the formula: k1 (P1-P2)+0.
Tissue is removed or ablated by the light beam a few molecular layers at a time; this is achieved by breaking intermolecular bonds in the corneal tissue.
The research marks an important first step toward creating a bank of corneal stem cells that may potentially benefit patients who suffer from many forms of corneal blindness.
The EBAA strenuously objects to the inappropriate comments by FDA regarding transmission of disease via corneal transplantation," Pat O'Neill, EBAA president and CEO, wrote AATB President Ted Eastlund, MD.