interval imaging insubcoracoid impingement syndrome on MRI.
Other ligaments are (ii) Glenohumeral ligament, (iii) Glenoid labrum, (IV) Coracohumeral
ligament and (V) Transverse Humeral Ligament.
The authors focused on ligamentum coracohumeral
and found that, in symptomatic patients, the Yang modulus of ligament elasticity was significantly increased (values around 235 kPa in the neutral position of the limb), while healthy individuals have significantly lower stiffness--greater elasticity of this ligament (value around 185 kPa in the neutral position of the limb).
This would in turn facilitate a quicker return to functionality without secondary consequences, such as nonunion, malunion, coracohumeral
impingement or shoulder instability.
Inclusion criteria for participation in our study were as follows: (1) shoulder pain for at least 1 month, (2) global restriction of passive shoulder motion with normal findings on plain radiographs, (3) thickening of the joint capsule particularly in the axillary region and thickening of the coracohumeral
ligament with no pathological findings related to the rotator cuff, labrum, long head of the biceps, or acromioclavicular joint on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) , and (4) no risk factors such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, or thyroid disease.
Coracoid process is a small hooked structure located on the scapular neck that arises anteriorly and serves as attachment for the coracoacromial, coracoclavicular and coracohumeral
ligament, as well as for tendons of the coracobrachial, small pectoral and short head of the biceps brachii muscle.
A thickened coracohumeral
ligament (CHL) has been documented as one of the most specific manifestations of frozen shoulder [3, 4].
The middle glenohumeral and coracohumeral
ligaments are released.
The suprascapular nerve passes through the suprascapular notch which is converted into foramen by superior transverse scapular liga-ment.1 The suprascapular nerve provides motor inner-vation to the supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscles in addition to branches to the coracohumeral
and cora-coacromial ligaments subacromial bursa and the acromioclavicular joint.
The RI contains the coracohumeral
ligament, the superior glenohumeral ligament, and the joint capsule.
(39) In addition, Bunker (41) observed intense type III collagen along with increased myofibroblasts and fibroblasts in the rotator interval and coracohumeral
ligament in patients with AC.
The deep coracohumeral
, invisible, very discreet, but which flows across the armpit as a tope if the arm is put up.