coptis


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coptis

Chinese medicine
A perennial herb, the root of which contains berberine. Coptis is antimicrobial, antipyretic and a general antidote, and is used for abscesses, alcohol and other intoxications, anginal pain, bloodshot eyes, diarrhoea, halitosis, haematuria, high fever, gastritis, heat stroke, hepatitis and jaundice.
References in periodicals archive ?
Identification of a WRKY protein as a transcriptional regulator of benzylisoquinoline alkaloid biosynthesis in Coptis japonica.
Effects of Coptis extract combined with chemotherapeutic agents on ROS production, multidrug resistance, and cell growth in A549 human lung cancer cells.
chinensis (Coptis Rhizome) prepared using ultrafining technology and traditional grinding methods were evaluated to compare the contents of the indicator compound.
OGT is an extract of a mixture of the following four medicinal herbs in the ratios provided in the parentheses: Scutellaria root (3.0), Coptis rhizome (2.0), Gardenia fruit (2.0), and Phellodendron bark (1.5).
(21) The characterization of these enzymes expressed from the corresponding cDNAs effectively confirmed that the biosynthesis of berberine proceeds via canadine in Coptis cells and not via columbamine.
Estas vesiculas se han encontrado en algunas especies productoras de ABI (Annonaceae, Berberidaceae, Menispermaceae y Ranunuculaceae), en Berberis y Coptis se observaron como agregados dentro de vacuolas pequenas conteniendo alcaloides y enzimas (11, 67).
(11) In other records, items such as goldthread (huanglian [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]; Coptis chinensis), sweet-peel tangerines (gan [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]), coarse fabric mats (zhushu dian [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]), fennel (lingling xiang [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]; Lysimachia foenum graecum), fine linen (bozhu [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]), and silver are enumerated alongside rhinoceros horn.
Berberine is an alkaloid present in Hydrastis canadensis, Coptis chinensis, Berberis aquifolium, Berberis vulgaris and Berberis aristata (Birdsall 1997, Berberine 2000).
For example, ginsenoside from Panax gingseng, rosmarinic acid from Coleus blumei, shikonin from Lithospermum erythrohizon, diosgenin from Dioscorea, ubiquinone-10 from Nicotiana tabacum, berberin from Coptis japonica, and podophyllotoxin from Juniperus chinensis all accumulated at much higher levels in cultured cells than in intact plants (Misawa et al., 1985; Smith, 2002; Premjet et al., 2002).
Los extractos acuosos de Coptis chinensis, Paeonia suffruticosa, Prunilla vulgaris y Senecio scandens mostraron una alta capacidad antioxidante frente a sistemas generadores de [O.sub.2.sup..-] *OH, inhibiendo la lipoperoxidacion en rinon y homogenizado de cerebro de ratas (12).
Researchers found that when they decocted licorice root with coptis root (Coptidis chinensis), new compounds were formed that were not present in either herb.