has been well-documented in the distantly related Red-cockaded and Acorn (Melanerpes formicivorus) Woodpeckers.
A new wave of scab-resistant apples has been developed and tested as part of a cooperative breeding
program through U of I, Rutgers University, and Purdue University.
The behavior is called cooperative breeding
and is concentrated in geographic hot spots.
"This system of vocal learning production may be linked to the idea that an infant that more quickly produces adult-sounding calls is more likely to get care from a caregiver in a cooperative breeding
environment where multiple individuals could be that caregiver in addition to the parents," Ghazanfar says.
To determine if cooperative breeding
occurs in populations unassociated with humans, we surveyed two natural populations in the Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in western China.
Females of Polistes Latreille, 1802 (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) paper wasps have the options of independent or cooperative breeding
, and usurpation in a few species in temperate climates (Reeve 1991).
Avian mating systems in which more than two individuals provide parental care are classified as cooperative breeding
systems (Stacey and Koenig, 1990; Emlen, 1991).
Here we report three instances of likely cooperative breeding
of Vanellus miles on Phillip Island between 18 July and 13 September 2012.
She suggests that cooperative breeding
, in which group members help rear the offspring of others, may have led to the development of higher cognitive social skills (e.g., social learning, imitation, cooperative foraging).
Among the topics are defining behavioral modernity in the context of Neanderthal and anatomically modern human populations, cooperative breeding
and its significance to the demographic success of humans, the semiotics of brand, anthropological perspectives on structural adjustment and public health, the commodification of language, and anthropology and the study of autism.
The key to our humanity, says the author, was group child rearing also called cooperative breeding
or " allocare".